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3 2044 


10 044 170 






Darvar& CoUede XiOrars 


ANDREW Preston Peabody 







Digitized by 


Ho. 7 
John Gyles 
Memoirs of Odd AdTentures. 
Boston, 1736 

Copies located: 

Boston Public Library 

John Carter Brown Library 

Harvard College Library 

Massachusetts Historical Society 

Newberry Library 

One copy in private hands 

[Copies in HCL and MBS are defective] 

From the original 
in the 

Massachusetts Historical Society, 
the first few pages having been 
photostated from the privately 
owned copy. 

April, 1936 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


M E 




Strange Deliverances, e^^v 

In th« Captivity of % 

JOHN GYLES, Efq; •? 

0)mmander of the Garrifon on St, George's Uhter* 

Written by Himfelf 

P^TMful Tuurb ! but kuow. rbs Vowfir above 
With eafe can fsvi $Mcb ObyS cf his Love ; 
Wide as bis tVill, txtenis kis bounilefs Grace 
Nler/iojl by Time^ nor circumfcriVd by 'PlMe. 
.ttappter bis Ldf wbo many forro^ws paji, 
L^fnghVring^ains bis natal Sbor^at loft ; 
Tbnn tnbo tofj^edw baftes te end Ibss Life 
9y fme Stern lii{jJEi#,— ^ 



Horpff*! OJ)ir, 

■4^—— ^' 1 1 III ■> 

BO sro N^Xtx KB. 


Prioted and .Sold by S. Kneeland and T. Greeh^ iq Q)ieia*iMe€ty 
over againft the Fxifon. Mdccxxxvi. 

Digitized by 


kmx^vm i^fcSTOH f>F«MVffr 


4: # 

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1^ 1 




Bnj^mi»t$ Jn tbn ^att^nd f^r this EnJibey ba^c UlJ kf mi (of fJ* ff, 

bMd a vituij I p4sprfsdf,r « /«- ibi pStfhck : inhLy d,. 
firtug </ mi n ixttaa Partuuhrsfrem tbt,c», which tbi mulupUaty ani . 

tb<,r Pumcmi*.. lbav< nude /can*a0, Addition /* m Mae J, lZ *W 
ap^tn tbt asptir »/ Creiture*, wbiih I was wtU tc kavi madt «m* %^¥ 
!^rgtr$ and mi^bt bam greatif t«iarged, but I ftartd it wMld trm h^ ' 

th,fU,wi„g Story a»ia fmsfa^^oH which thnr Ppfttritf might jufth . 
0Mpta fr»m mf^ I Jbill giv4 /am, Account, tb,' as bri^ \u pJibU. ^ f^ 

rb, fi^^flJblngStm ofNtw ENotAND (fe/.r* th, uuhsppy EaflifttKL, 
R J2 t7^p7 '^"^Z^;*"'' ^^^' ^'^ *"''""« *« « Kcnnelvtcjf f" j 

tur» 1 1, England, I*/,/;/, bit Affjirt. This d\ttt f //< ««. *«r t/i* j/> ' 

Digitized by 


P^? n. 



Bafiirn IncJiam bad h^(n ibur HoSiUftH. H^tt^ifttjfj^i^nsSitiU^ 
iuif^t t^n Long- llbnd. tbi Jir tfj^gi Hac0 net f$ wm" aftniffg mifb 
hn Cifuftnutism^ and ib§ IndiaM Mif piMceabhj k$ agaru pr^'f$kt§ r^* 
fitiii bis Lands in Merry-mectiDg-Bay r hut finding that Plac$ d$f$fUd^ 
and tbaf Plant&ticns wen carriid $n at rcmmaquid i bi purcbaf$d/ivirat 
Sra^s of Land of $b$ Inbabitants tb$r$. Upon bis Higbmfs tb$ Dnkt^ 
York's n/umifig a Claim to tb&ft Piirts^ ho alfi took.^Mt Paunt^^jSm 
^ tbat Qaim* 4l^d ii;£#iFemm>q4i4 «Pi>V ^jH^^ V^am$af $k$}0lntff 
if Comw§Tinfbi Promnco of Neil-VbiJc, ^# was (JhnmiJfton$$ffqi^ 
Jajtim ofibo fmni^ by Gowm&ur DvncaH. H$ was a ftri^ Sabbaiisdff^ 
and mot witb confidirabU Difficuliios in tb$ Di/ibargo if his OfficSy from 
tbo Immi^ratitiiM of a Pooph who bad long livid Lawlf/s. H$ laid ont no 
inc&n/idifabh Incom^bicb be bad annually from Eoglaod af tb$ Placo^ 
and at hjijofi kiajutfo tben^ as boroafiir r$latsd» ^ ^ .-. . . ^ 

, t am not infenfibU fftbi firutb of an jljfortion of Sir RoMrX^&ftiii^ 
jIHt ** Books and Dtjba bavo this common Fats ; tboro 7r#^ was^ aty 
am ff oifher of tbsm^ that pUa/id all Palatos? t^^aip fully H bis 
Opinion, in tbtsj ** // is as link to ho wijhod ft^ as oxpsdo^i fl^ ^^ 
^* Umvor/al Jpplaufo is at Isafi two thirds of a Scandal. '•^' . * 



& ¥m 

Cktapo/Hion prfncf^ 
fJUfd hf tako 
vtand Wikomt^ But ht bim fi^try this 
\ That hels a very )taoitii|(iQerIy O^IL 
rhii preflci upoa another Man's Tablei and loeDXi>parr€ft^w^b pv 

i^Mfi ianthdi whh tbo KnigU, *^ JT^p* / mado this uompomon pr^ncs^ 
paHyfor my Family — Toty if any Man ha$ 'a\ Jffuia h' tako tjff 
frn hav^and^wolcomt^ Bttt ht bim fohy tbisQmm 

•• with me^ bo bas frn havf 
•* fidorathnjthng witb bim 



•'5 J 

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Of 6dd Adfemufeftnid Signal Ddiytfaoices 

....... la tbr Ccpcivky ^ " > < -. 

! :7^i&» Gyhs, Efq; 

C H A 1^ It** r^ ^ 

CntUfUtutg the Oectarenttt tifthefi^ Tfor, 

Cbrip 1689, iti the MornhiKyinyOrthetalb; 
hoMored Father fbpm^t ^/M,*f ^■»%<»' 
Erqfwcpt with fome L«bour«r«,5^'-^-'*'» 
my two Elder Brotbtrt and my 

feir, to otic of bit iumt^ which 
I*y on the River about threeMlljca 
above Fert-OfgrUi ft adjoii^of 
to Ptmmaquid VHtlU ; tbero tpga- 
iher to his fingliih Hiwe^ «94 
laboured 1 ecu rely tUlKio^ ;^t 
after we had Dined, oar People went to tDtULabonriibme 
io one Field to their Eoglifli Hay, the othen to tnothec 

|r«ftoo4MtlM8fOt where JImMMIi- At ww; nef long fince, 
k Hm. (M. DvMAa s Th« Tonitftip adiouune thereto wn 
ctB^ Jmmftmm, i» bMMor to the Doite oF }Mi In thuTown with. 
^^^V!^t^*^^ ^^^^^"^^ Dwelling Hoa(eof?l6MMi 
<^,B% fiwiwbdiba went out that ankam Morning. 

r B UleM 

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Field of Englifh Corn, txctpt my Father, the yflungeft of 

Jiiy two2^othcr| iriC'Inijr Telf^ who tAfried ocir totheFirm* 

Hoitfe in Which wc had Dincd^ till ibootOne o( theCIoclTi 

wh?n we heard the Report of feveril Great Guot from the 

Fort. *Upoo the hearing of ihem my Fathei faW, that he 

hopM it was a Stgnil of good News, aod that the Great 

Council bad Tent back the Soldieii, co cpyer IbeiobabU 

taoca : & oo Report of ihc Kavoliitioo ibify bad dcfertcd : 

^ut to ourgreat Surpriat aboot Thirty or Forty lodiana dUV 

charged a.^llay of Shot nt ns/rom bebiodarifing Crowd 

near oor Baro. * The Telling of the Indiana^tbe Wblftling 

of their Shot, and the Voict of my Father, whom I heard 

cry out. What now 1 What now 1 fo terrified roe ^ tho' 

bp feem'd to bi handling a Gpq,' that I endeavoured to 

make my Efcape. My Brother ran one way and I ano* 

"^{ber ; and looking over my Shoulder, I fawa flout Fellow^ 

painted, purfutng me with a Gun i and a Curtl^ft glitter* 

ing in bia Hand, wfiich^ expede4 every Moment in my 

Brains : I prefently jkll down, and the Indian took me by 

the Left Hind, omred me no abufe, but feized my Arms, 

Jife rne up, and pointed to the Place where the People were 

at Work about the Hay ; and lead me that way. As we 

pafled, we crofled my Father, who looked very paie and 

bloody, and walked very flowjy. When we came to the 

Place, I faw two Men mot down on the Flattf, and one or 

two more knockVloo tbe Head with Hatcbetaj, crying our, 

O Lord, Sec i there the Indiana brought two Captlve^ont 

^tn, and mvBrother 7^0^^» he that endeavoured to efcape 

'by running from the Houfe, when I did f. After they 

had done what Mifchief they coujd, fat down, making ui 

fit with them : and after fome time arofe, pointing to us 

to go Eaftward. They march'd about a quarter of a Mile 

and then made a Halt, and brought roy Father to ui : and 

made Propofals to him by old Afoxa/, who told him that 

* The Indians hsTe a Cuftom of uttering a molt horrid Howl, when tbey 
difcharge Guns,dcfigninf( thereby co terrify thofe whom they fi^ht antnA 

t He wat about Fourteen Yean or Age. The eldeft Brother wDole Name 
was 7'lotfiss, wonderfully e(caped bvLand ro chea«ri4r4«(aPoinr of Land 
ontheWcft Side of rhe River oppofice to the Porty)wbere farcralFifhing 
Vcflels lay^ he got oo board ode of tbcm aod came to Sail that Might. 


Digitized by 


they were ftnnge India oi who 0)Ot hirrii $nA th^t he wai 
fcKfy for it : My Father rfplicd| tl^che was a rIylngMjin, 
irtd wanted no Favour of them, but to Pray With hia 
CbUdren i which being granted, he recommended gstothe 
pforcaion and BIcffing of COD Almighty ; then gave ui 
the beft Advice, and took hts leave for this Life, hrpingin 
COD that we ihould meet in a better. He parted witli a 
chearful Voice, but looked very pale by rcafonof hi«g»eac 
lofi of Blood, which boil'd out of hii Shoes >-- the Indi- 
ani lead him afide— !— I heard the blowj ofthcHauher, 
but neither Shriek nor Groan I [ t afterwards heard that 
he had five or ftven Shot-hotei, thfo* hii Waftecoat or 
Jacket^and that theladiant covered him with fome Boughs } 

The Indiani lead us their CaptiveijOntheEaflfidcofthe S^cr. !L 
River, toward the Fort ; and when we came within a Mtlcof tli^ir m^ 
and half of the Fort and Town, ami could fee the Fort^ wcl^^'^g^"**- 
faw Firing & Smoke on all fides : Here we made a ^^^t^^J^j p^^"*** 

liftancc of 
k Swamp. -.*of Mn 

ilop, and then we moved within or near the di 
three qunrters of a Mile from the Foit^ into a thlc 
There t fiw n»y Mother and my two tittle Sifters,ai)d many ^y^^'* PJ*^'" 
other Captives taken from ihc Town. My Mother askM|>^'''P^'™**' 
me of my F-iihcr, I told her, that he was Kill'd, but could 
fay no more for Grief ; fhe buril into Tears, and the Indi- 
ans moved me a little further ofT, anil teiz*d me to aTree« 

The Indians came to Ncw^Harhur^ and fent Spies ^ ^^^ 
feveral Days to obfervc how and where the People wcreTo^n »mt 
employed tkc who found that the Men were gcucraliy atl'o'^ i^» b«' 
\Vofk at Nooff, and left about their Houfcs only Women "^^''' 
,ind Children : therefore the Indians divided thcnifclvct 
into feveral Parties, fome Ambufhiog theWay between the 
Fort and the Houfes, as likewife between them and the 
diftant Fields ; and then alarming the fartheftoflffirilytlicy 
killed and took the People, as they tnoved toward thcTowr^ 
aod Fort, at their Pleafure $ fo chat very few efcaped to 
the Fort. Mr. Pate/ball was taken and klll'd as he hy 
with his Sloop near the Barbican. On the firft ftir about 
the Fort my youngeft Brother was at Play near the lame, 
and ran in,and fo by God's Goodnefs was preferved. Cip% 
Wums with great Courage Sc Refolution defended the wcnk 


Digitized by 


Sect- Til 

porcitton of 
the Captivci 
to Pfvphfrt^t 
the iiearcil 
Indian - Vil- 
lage Eaft- 
ward of Prw- 



old Fort two Diyif till that he wti much Woonded lod the 
befl of hit Men Kill*d| and then neat up a Farley. Aod 
the Conditions werr^ 

I. That tbey^ the Indlaoi fliould give him Mr.?^/(/Erir//'f 

a That thef fliould not moled him in carrying off ihe 
few People that had got into the Fort, and three Captivei 
that they had taken. 

3 That the finglifli (hould carry off in their Handf what 
they could from the Fort 

On there Conditions the Fort was Surrendred, and Capt 
Wamt went off And loon after the Indians fet on Fire the 
Fort & Houfes : which made a terrible Blaft, and was a me- 
lancholly Sight to us poorCaptlves^who were fad Spedatori ! 

After the Indians had thus laid Wafte Pemmaqui J ^-xhty 
moved us all to New-Harhar *. And when we turned ouc 
Bicks on the Town my Heart was ready to break !•— I faw 
my Mother ^ flie fpake to me, but I could not anfwerher ! 
That Night we tarried at New-Harbour^ and the next Day 
went in their CanocifovPgnob/hot. About Noon^theCanoe 
which my Mother, and that which I was in, came fide by 
fide : whether accidental or by my Mother's defirr,! can- 
not fay. She aiked me,How I did ? I think I fa id. Pretty 
well, (tho' my Heart was full of Grief). Thenflieraid,0, 
my Child i how joyful & pleafant would it be, if we were 
going to Old Efiiland^ to fee your Uncle Cbalktr^^nd other 
Friends there ? —Poor Babe ! we are going into the Wil* 
dernefs, the Lord knows where ! — She buril into Tears, 
and the Canoes parted ! That Night following the Indians 
with theirCaptives lodged on anifland. A few days after, 
we arrived at P$nohfcot-Fyrt ; where I again faw my Mo- 
ther, my Brother and Sifters, and many other Captives. I 
think, we tarried here eight Days : and in that time the 
Jefuit had a great mind to buy me. My Indian Mafter 

^ New Harbnif is about two Miles £aft of PemmsuiMid^ a fmall Hail>our, 
much ufed by Fifhcrmcn. Before the War there were about twelve 
Houfcf, but the rumour of War, diTpoTcd them to Iccure thcmfclves, 
by Torfaking their Habitations. 


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< J ) 

miJ^ A Vific to the Tefutir^ and cjrried me with him f., I 

law the Jcfiiit flicw him Piccciof Gold^ and underrtood'af* 

tcrwirdV that he tendered rhcm for me. The Jeruit gave 

me a BUket, which I put into my Poekct, and date noc 

C4C i buc buried it under a Log, Tearirtg that he had pot 

fomeihing in it to mike me Love him : tor I wta very ^ 

Ygung, and had heard much of the Papifta torhtring th« 

PfoteUaott &c/fo that I haicd the fight of ajcfair. When 

my Mother heard the calk of my being Sold to a Jcfait, 

(he faid to me^ Oh I my dear Child 1 if It were OODV 

Will, 1 had rather follow you to your Crave! or never fe« 

you more in this World, than you (hould be Sold to a Jcfait T 

for ajcfuit will fuln*jou Body &Soul! and it pIcafedGOD 

to grant lierRequellJar flie never law nic more ! [Tho' fhe 

and my two little SiftenwerCi after feveral TearsCaptivicy 

redeem^ i <he died before I returned : And my Brother 

mtfo waa taken with me, waa after feveral YearsCaptivity 

moid barbarouHy tortured to Death^by the Indians]. For 

My liKtian MaOor carr4e4 me up PiMohfcot Kivit to • Sect. IV. 
WWngt cwMtd Madawamhi : whicn (lands on a Point of OftheOccur- 
Land, between the Main River, and a Branch which heada »'^]JPJ« *°i^^y 
to the £aft of it At Home 1 had ever fecnStrangera treat- 5v/ffi^#i "^to* 
ed with the utmoft Civility, and being a Stranger^ I ex- St. y^bn't. 
pe Aed fome kind Treatment here : but foon found my ft If where the 
deceived, for I prefently faw a Number of Squawa got to- ^dbe hSvc 
gether in a Circle dancing and yelling ; and an old gri- theirRende»- 
mace-Squaw took me by the Hand, and lead me to the vout. 
Ring, where the other Squaws feiz d me by the Hair of 
my Head, and by my Hands and Feet, like fo many Furies: 
but my Indian Matter prefently laid down a Pledge and 
released me. A Captive among the Indians is expofed to ^Jjj^JJf ^or. 
all manner of Abufe, and to the utmoft Tortures j unlefs Jl^I^^g c^p' 
his Matter, or fome of his Matter's Relations, lay down a tim, and of 
Ranfom, fuch ms a Bag of Corn, or a Blanket, or foch redeeming 
like : by which they may redeem them from theirCruelties J^f^,. °^^ 
for that Daoce, fo that he fliall not be touched by any. ces. 

t The Indian that takes and will keep a Captive is accounted hu Mafter, 
and the Capdve bis Property till be rive or fell him to another. 

C The 



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'( « )'• 

The next Day wc went dp that EaflernBr^nch ofPn^hfl 
M Kivif mitiy Lcifuci,— -carried over Land to a lail^gt 
Pond, and from one Pond to another, iij]^ in a few IHfi 
we weat down a River I), which venci ic felf into5]r.?^li>jl-'| 
BJvit. But before we came to the Mouth of thii EKrer^ 
we carried over a long Carrying-Place i to Midi^ack^thH'p 
which itandj on a Back of St, John's Rivir Mv Indian 
Mailer weot before^ and left me with an old Innlin and 
two or three Squaws. The OtdMan oAen fatd^(wtilch Uraa 
til the EngHfii that he could fpcakj) Sj and /?>— c^i t§ 4 
gria$ f&wn md F»rt : fo that I comforted my feffW thinks 
Ing how finely I Oiould be refrefised &c. when 1 came to 
this great Town. 

After Tome Mites travel we came In fight of a large Corn- 

Of myTreaf- Fields and foon after of the Pott, to my great Surprirc : 

TrdvAi T/ ^^^ *^° ^' ^^^^^ Squaws met ujjtookofTmy Pack, and lead 

uldjf4d *on ^^ ^0 a large Huit or Wigwam, where Thirty or Forty 

Stphpi'iRi' Indians were dancing ^and yelling round five or fix poor 

^'▼' Captives, who had been taken fome Months before rrom 

^^cbnbc^ at the fame time when Mijor Watdiin waf 

moli barbaroufly butchered by them * 1 was wblrl'd iri 

• among 

II MtJkth^uk Rhtn. 

^ A Csrr7t«g*Pl«ce u a Path or Tnxk in which rheir oaTt from oaeRiver^ 
or part ot a River or Pond to another : 'tit (b called, oeca^ fhe Indians 
arc obliffed to carry their Baggage over there. 

'^ Major ti^MMn was taken in the beginning of jiprH on the Might after a 
Sabbath. I have heard the Indians (ayat aFcafti that t her* being a 
Trace for (bme Days, they contriv'd to fend in two Squawa to take No- 
tice of the Numbers, Lodgings and other Grcumllances of the People 
in his Garriibn, and if thev could obtain leave to Lodge thercy to open 
rhe Oates and Whiftle. [ They faid the Gates had 00 Locks, but were 
faftned with Pins, and that they kept no Watch there 1 The Squaws 
had a favourable Sealbn to prosecute their Proje^on, for it was dull 
Weather when they camcy and besg'd leave to Lodge in the Garriibn : 
rhey told the Major that a great Number of Indians were not fiu* from 
them, wich confiderable Qaanticies of Beaver, who would Trade with 
him th: next Day &c. Some of the People were very much againft 
their Lodging in the Qarrifbn, but the Major faid, Let the poor Crea^ 
turcs Lodee bv the Fire ! The Squaws went into every Apartment, and ^ 
obferved the Numbers in each, and when the People were all afleep,' 
rofc and opened the GaceS| and gave the Signstlj and the other Indians 


Digitized by 




gmong cbcfUf tod irif lookVI on rich other with a for row ful 
Countentoct : in^preftntl^ one of ihtttt was fcIzM by 
ekch Hiod 8c Fo6t, by-foar IndUnf, who fwung him up 
god lee blrBickwiih Force fill on che htrd Ground, ^itl 
tNy hid danced (ti they ctll it) round the whot« W'^g* TfRir mtn^ 
wamy which wti thirty or forty Pect in length. But '^^^ F* ***^' 
when they tortor* • Bof, they take him up between two* *^^^"'S^P' 
Thii is one of their Oiftonii of torturing Ciptivei. Ano- 
ther ii to tike op a Perlbn by the middle with hit Head 
downwardly and iolt him roond 'ci]l one would th*«^k lu4 
Bowels would Atke oot of hii Mouth* Sometimes they 
will tike a Ciptive by the Hair of the Bead and Aimp him 
forward^ and ftrikebim on the Back 5c Shoulder, Wll the 
Blood gu(h out of hif Mouth & Nofe. Somerimci an old 
Ihrivcll^d Squaw will tike |^pa Shovel of hoe Embers and 
throw them into a Captive's Bofom ; and if he cry out,the 
other Indians willLaogh and Shour,and fay, What a brave 
Aft ion our old Grandmother has done ! Somctimei they 
torture them with Whips &c. 

The Indians looked on' me with a fierce Countenantc, 
fignifying that it would be my turn next They champM 
Com-Stalks, and threw them in my Hat, which wai in 
my Hand : I fmiled on them^ tho' my Heart ak'd. I 
looked on one and another, but could not perceive that any 
Bye pitied me : Prefently came a Squaw and a little Girf^ 

came to them, and having reeeiv*d an Account of the State of the 

Garrifon, they divided according to the Number of People in each A* 

panfmem, and (bon took and IcillM them all. The Major lodged wirhiii 

an inner Room, and when the Indians broke in upon htm, he cried 

our, What now ! What now I jumpt out of Bed in his 8hht, and drave 

them out irith bis Sword thro* two or three Doors : and as he was re* 

turning to hii Apartment, an Indian came bebindhim, and koock'd him 

on the Head wicti his Hatchet,ftun'd htm, and hai'd htm out, and fet him 

upon a long Table fai hb Hall, and bid him. Judge Indians again. Then 

they cut and ftab*d him, and he cry'd out, O Lord ! O Lord ! - They 

bid him^ order hu Book of Accompts to be brought, and crofs out all 

die Indian Debts (for he had traded much uich the Indians) and after 

tbev had tortured him to Death, they burned the Garrifon and drew oft*. 

A This Narration I heard from their Mouths at a general Meeting ; and 

'^ have Reafon to think it mie. And it ihould be a Warning to allPerfons 

who have the Care of Garrilbni : For the greated Loflei we meet with 

arc fi>r want of doc Caution and Qrcumfpe^ca 


I- '* 

Digitized by 






ind hU\ ilawn i Big of Com in the Ring ; tb# liltlc.Gid 
toi>k inc by rhe Hind, miking Signs for tnc to go oift of 
the Circle wiih ehem : but nm ksiowlng their CuAoint 1 
fupp^fed thAc they dciigncd co kill mc, and would not go 
C1UC with ihem. Then a grave Indian cimc and g«v« IM. 
a fhnrc Pipe^ arid faid, in £ngli(h» Smcke ic : ihMi(m)|(mc 
by the Hand and lead me out^ but noy Heart aktdjthlok^ 
Ing my te If near my End ; but he ctrricd me to a French 
Hutt abaut a Mile tfom the Indian Fort ThrFraiocliman 
wm not at Home ^ but his Wife who was a Sqo«iir had 
fame Difcouffe with my Indian Friend^ nhich I did QQ% 
under (land* We tarried about two Hours, and rf turn M to 
the ViJlflgej where ihcy gave mefomeViiaudls. Not long 
afcer, I law one of my Fellow* dipt ivcf, who gave me a mc«« 
laucholly Account of their Su^t^riugs^after 1 left them 6CC 

Sect. VI. After fome Weeks bad pad we left the Village, and wem 
' up St. Jobn't River about ten Miles to a Branch called Ak^ 
deckfctnecafis^ where there was one Wigwam. Ac ow 
Arrival an old Squavir faluted me with a jtW\ taking me by 
the Hair and one Hand ; but I was fo rude as to break her 
hold, and *quir my felf : *— She gave me a filtbyGrin9and 
the Indians fet up a Laugh-— fo it pafiM over. Here we 
lived upon Fifti, Wild* Grapes, Roots See which was bard 
Living to me. 


The firft 


When the Winter came on, we went up the River till the 
Ice came down, and run thick in the River ; and then,ac* 
cording to the Indian Cuftom, laid up our Canoes till the 
Spring ^ and then travellM fometimes on the Ice, & fome* 
times on the Land, till we came to a River that was open 
and not Fordable, where we made a Rafr, and pafs'd over 
Bag and Baggage^. I met with oo Abufe from them in 
this Winter's Hunting, tho' I was puttogreatHardfliipiin 
carrying Burdens, and for want of Food : for they under- 
went the fame Difficulty, and would often encourage me. 

* For the Indians carry their Houfe and Houihold Scuff oo their Backi in 
the Winter, and to thefe they add, io the Summeri their Veflels and 
Ftirniturei Pro?i(ions &c. 


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Ay ing,ia bimUkBnglth^By^h^^gnat diflMp^. Buc they, 
CGtild not mfwMi an^ Qucftioa cbac 1 aikea tbttn. So tha& 
kaowipg aothtog ot their Cuftomi aod way of Life; thp* 
1 tho'c ic retlioua to b« conftanttj^ moving from Place to 
Flico, yet it might be in fome sLipt&$ an Advaoiigc : foc^, 
if ran Aill in my Miad that we were travelliog coTomcScc^, 
tlecncfit ; and when my Burden wai over heavy, and the 
lodiint left me behind, and the ft ill Eviuing cane on ^ I , 
fancied I could fM tbro' ihe BuOi€i> «o4 bear the People , 
of hme gf^A^ Town : which Hope might be fomc fupport 
to me in the Bay, tho' I found not the Town at Nighrt 
Thu> we have been Hunting three hundred Mileifrom the 
Sea and knew no Man within fifty or fixty Mites of us, 
We were eight or ten in Number, and had but two IndUa^ 
Men with Gunii on whom we wholly depended for Pood l^ 
and if any difafter had hap^ned, we mu(t all havepenihecf* 
And fometimes we had no manner of Suflcnance for three 
or four Days : But GOD wonderfully provides for all 
Creatura ! In one of thofe Fads GOD's Providence was 
remtfkable- Our two Indian Men^ in Hunting, darted a 
Moafe *, their l>einga (ballow-CfufledSnow on thcGroundf 
but the Moofe dilcovered them, and ran with great force 
into a Swamp i The Indians went round the Swamp, and 
finding no Traft, returned at Night to the Wigwam, and 
told what had happened. The nent Morning they followed 
him on the Track, and foon found the Moole tying on the 
Snow J for cro0ifig the Roots of a large Tree, that had 
been blown tip by the Roota, having Ice underneath, the 
Moofe in hit forioui Flight broke throV and hitch'd one of 
fall hind Legs in among the Roots, fo fail that by llrivtng 

♦ A Moofc U a fine lofty Creature about eight Feet JiigH, with t longHeadi 
Mnd Kofc like i Horfc : wtth Homi very fargc and ftrong [ Some of 
rhem are above ^k Feet, froin the EKtremit^p of one Horn to ihat of th« 
oihcr] fliifed and Oied every Year like the Homi of a Deer; Ukeuijk 
chctr Feet are cloven like DeenFeet, Their hind Lcgi ate long and 
fore Le^fliort like a Rabbit. They refcmble a Rabbit alfo tn the length 
of their Kart and fhof tncfs of ihcirTjil; The FcmaEe have two Dugt 
like a Mare^ tho* thev fometimcs bring three )oyng Ones, tr a Foaling? 
they ToaI but once a Year* and at one Scaf n, ^tf^.When che Treejput 
out Leavt»j far tbcm, There irc a foil of Moofc iliac bivc a M^tn Jike 
a Horfe. 

M 10 

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(10 ) 

CO $et it ottt^ be puU/d the Thigh Boot oot of the Socket 

It the Hip : Tboi ^trpordioarilr were we prorided H€ 
In our great Strait * SometUnet tbey Would take- ii Beor^ 
which go idto Delii io the Fail of the Ttfar with^ iHf ibri 
of Food, and tk ^^^ without toy frar or#re IMmb^iie^ 
ver going oot tfll the Spting of the Tear : hi whieh Tl«^ 
they oeitber lofe nor gahi mfHelh ^ If they Weht hitb dieit 
Dfem Fat, they wttl come but fo, or if they went In Letii; 
triey will come oat Lean. I have fteo fome that have oo*)o' 
oat, with four Whelpi, and both Old tt Young very' fin fj 
and then we feal^ed : and an old Squaw, and' Ci4>t>vr, it 
mny prefeptJ^fnoft AuAd without tfafe Wigwam,* fliakirigtheiv 
Handf and Body ai in a Dance : and finging, W^oaov 
Oh NfiLo woH I which if Bnglifhed woold l)e, A^ ts n^ 
Batiffi. Thfi ii to iignify their thankffahieft in featin^' 
Times ! and when this wti fptnt, we fafted tW Airitief' 
Siicccfs. I . . •• . 

The way of their preferring Meat ft by ftr)ppln|| df thtf 
]^e(h from the Booet, and dtying ttirro overaSrtioke } by 
which \\% kept ft>and Monthi or Y^art, without Sain ^ 

We moved fHHA fbrther up tlteCoantry after Mooft wImh 
our Store was out : To that by the Spring we had got to* 
the Northward of the L^ijrJwm/iifM. And when tlio' 
Sj^ring came on and the Rivers broke up, we moved t>adi 
a » the Head of St.-JpbMU RJvir ^ and there made Canoea 
of Moofe* Hides fewtng tbrao or four together, end pitch* 
5og the Seams with Charcoal beaten and mixt with BaKboK 
Then we went down the River to a Place called Madawe/^ 
€ok ) there an Old Man lived and kept a fort of Trading* 
Hoiife : where we urried feverjil Days, and went farther 
do>vn the River till we came to the greateft Falls in thefe 
Parts, called Cbicamhpiai : where we carried a little way 
over the Land, and putting off our Canoes, we went down 
Scream ftill : And as we pafs'd down by the Mouth of any 
]aige Branches, we faw Indians r but when any Dance 

} 6iiilltm in hu Heraldry mentions it as the Opinion of feme NataralMs^ 
chat rhey bring forth an Unfoim'd Embryo, and lick their Utter inta 
Shape : •. a grrfi Miftike ! 1 have feen their Foetus of all Siiet,takta 
out of the M*irriK, by the Indiansi and tbey are fts much^ and as well 
Sha£*d ai Che Young of any AoiouL 


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WM propoTc^i I wai bon$hc oft. jLt length ^e arrived ac 
tha riaca.wbera we left our Birch CaQocf lo tb«, ij^all^nd 
p«io0r Baigafa intotlbafn, and weat'49'Uiea9 ,'dovo to 

thiFpo*- . 

• • • , .. < I . ; 

Then w« pUnfad.Coca'i m4 *f««r l^laotiog, weot « StcT.VIll 
Flfliioc. find U> look for and dig Root* ) t\\\ the Corn w«> or the mm- 
fii 10 Weed : end efter Weeding tjofc • ftcood Tour 0.1 ^^l;^^ 
the ftmeErr«ii4f iod rctonj d to Hill our Coro ; and it- i^,w i„ ,hi 
ter HtUioff wo went fomc diftioce from the Fprt Cc VicAd Summct. 
op the ILlTer, to take Salmon, and other T\fn^ aod dry 
them f(«t-Fdbd till Corn was filPd with the Milk ; Some oi 
which wo dried then, the other ai it ripened. And whea 
we had gathered our G>rn and dried it ||, we put fome into 
lodlan Mrns, L e. in Holes in the Groond lin'd&covet'd 
w^ch Bark, and then with Dirt. The reft we carried up 
the River opon our next Winter-Hunting Thui GOD 
wooderfiilly favoured me and carried me through the fiift 
Year of my Captivity. 




Of the abufive and barbarws Treatment which [ever al 
Captives met with from the Indians (s^c. 

1|1C1 Hen any great Number of Indiani meet, or when g^^^ j 
V \ eny Captives have been lately taken, or when any or mv Bro- 
Captives defei t and are retaken, the Indians have a Dance ;rhcr\Tor:uic 
and at thefe Dances torture the unhappy People who fall > 
into their Hands. My unfortunate Brother who was taken 
with me, after about three Years Captivity, deferteJ with 

II When rhe Com is in the Milk they gather i lar(;r Kcnlc ^ult and boil ic 
on the Ears till iu orecty hard, and then take it up and ihcil it of the 
Cobb with Clam-Sheilf, and dry it on Bark in the Sun ; and when iff 
thro'ly dryed, a Kernel it no bigger chan a Pea, and would kecp'Ycar<>: 
and boil'd agdn it fwelb ti large, and taflea incomparably fwcctcr th:. a 


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in tenglifliman who w#& taken from Cffi^^Bfy^ and wai re* 
taken by rh« IndilMi ui Nnv^ffatk^rittid ckfYled back to^' 
PfMk/ctft Bi^rt r trhere Ithey were both tortured it a fitalM 
by Fire for fome tfhtr, tbch their Noftt and Eari weretM 
off^ and they made to eat them ^ after Kvhich they mtm 
burned to JDeath at the Stake : The Indians at the fame 
tfbe dedarin|[ that they voold fetve latl Dtfhittrs 1h the 
fifme manner. Ttiu$ they divert thtn&feltei in thtirDAOcet I 

Sect. If. Oil tfie fecond 8))rin|f of my Captivity tny IndianMaller 
OffhcirBar-iiK) bis SoMW Went to Canada ; but ftnt me down the Ri*- 
^Mml JUx. ^^^^>^h ft veral Indians to thePort j in order to planlCorn. 
Iwder, fltc "The Day before we tame to the Planting Field we met two ' I 
Young Indian Men who feem'd to be hi great faaile : afVer I 
they had pafsM us I underftood that they were going with I 
ah Expreff to Canada^ and that there was an Bnglifh Veiftl ^ 
at the Mouth of the River I not perfed in theLanguage, 
nor knowing that Englifh Veflels traded with them In time 
of War, fuppofed a Peace was concluded on, and that tlie 
Captives would be releafed : and was fo tranfported with 
the Fancy^that I flept but little^if at all. that. Night. Early 
the next Morning we came to the Village, where the Ex- 
tafy ended : For I had no foonerLanded, but three or four 
Indians drag*d me to the great Wigwam, where they were 
yelling and dancing round Jama AUxaad$r^% J^tfey Man, 
who was taken from Falmmtb In Cafa§ Bof. Tbia- was oc« 
cafioned by two Families of Cip^«Sr^/e Indians, who having 
loft feme Friends by a number of Englifh Fifhermen, came 
fome hundred of Miles to revenge themfelves on the poor 
Captives ! They foon came to me, & tolled me about till I 
was almoft breathless, Scthen tl}rew me into the Ring to my 
fellow Captive : and took him outagaln^ and repeated their 
Barbarities to him. And then I was halM out again by 
three Indians, by the Hair of my Head, and held down by 
it, till one beat me on the Back & Shoulders fo long that my 
Breath was almoft beat out ot my Body. And then others 
put a Tomhakc into my Hand, and ordered me get up and 
dance and fing Indian : which I performed with the great- 
eft reluftancr, and in the k& fccmM refolute to purchafe 
myDcath,by killing twoor three of thofeMonfters of Cruelty; 


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thinking it Impoffiblc to furvivc their bloody Treatment ; 
but ft wai imprefsM on ffiy Mind, 'Jif Mt in tbm A^er 
U taki swsy pnr Lifi : fo I defifted. Then thoie OpiSa^ 
bli Indians came to me again like Bears bereaved of thiic 
\Vhelpf« iayinr, Sbafl vr ntfho bawhfiR^atiiMiiytkiEng^ 
lifo^fititf MB Sngnjb VwHt u U biMfd^mng ms .m. . Then 
they beat me again with the Am : Than I repaatdihut 
I had not fent two cr three of them out tf tha Uorld bf«*> 
fore me, for 1 tho't that I had much rather dia than fttftr> 
any longer. They left me the fecond time, Md the other 
Indians put the Tomhake i| into my Hand again, and com* 
pelled me to fing : and then! feemM more ralblute ibaa 
before to deftroy fome of them ( but a ftrange and Itrong 
Impalfe that I (hould return to my own Place &c PeopIc,fup* 
prelVd it as often as fuch a motion roie in my Srealt. Not 
one of the Indians fhew'd the Icaft Conipaflton : but Ifaw 
the Teais run down plentifully on the Chceksof a French- 
man that fat behind ; which did not alleviate theTorturea 
that poor yantes and I were forced to endure for the moft 
pait of this tedious Day ; for they were continued till the 
Evening : and were the moil fevere that ever I met with 
in the whole fix Years that I was Captive with the Indiana*. 
••- After they had thus inhumanely abufed us, two Indians 
took us up and threw us out of the Wigwam ^and we crawled 
away on our Hands Sc Feet, & were fcarce ableto walk,&c* 
for feveral Days. Some time after they again concluded 
on a merry Dance, when I was at fome dillance from the 
Wigwam drefflng Leather, and an Indian was fo kind as to 
tell me that they had got James Alexander^ and were id 
fearch forme. My Indian Mailer and his Squaw bid me 
run as for my Life into a Swamp and hide, and not to dif* 
cover my felf unlefs they both came to me, for then I might 
be alTured the Dance was over. I was now mailer of theic 
Language, and a Word or a Wink was enough to excite me 
to take care of Oae. I ran to the Swamp, and hid in the 
thickeft place that I could find. I heard hollowing and 
whooping all around me ; fometimes they pafs'd very near. 

The Tomlialce is a Warlike Club, the Shape of which may be fccn i:i 
CJutti of Etoivphhsm, one of the four Indian ChieB| which C JC($ are com- 
mon amongft us. 

E and 

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ind I coold hear fomc thrcateo, tod otfaers iUuer ipe^^'boc 
1 #ai oot difpoiM to diince : aod if thay bad come upoiV 
JM9 I refdT*d to fhow cbem a pair of Heeli, and they muft 
have had ffood lock to have catchM me. 1 heard 00 more 
of ibem till aboor Bveoing [for 1 tbiok 1 fleptl when they 
came agaio^ caUiog (SboB^ Qb^n^ but Jifhn woold oot trutt 
ihem. After thcy were gooe^ my Ut^L^Ltt and hii Sqoaw 
caoie wheta they told me to hidei but could ]OOt find me \ 
and when I heard them fay with iovnt concern, that they 
bcUav^d that die other Indians bad frightped roe into the 
Woodi, and that I was loft ; I came our, and they feem'd 
well pleased % and told me, chat Jamti had had a bad Day 
of it ^ that aS'foon Vi% ha was released he xan away into the 
Woods,8c they Itelic vM he was gone to xYitMohtiwhi, Jmuhs 
foon returned, & gave me a melanchoDy Account of hisSuf- 
ferings : and the Indians fright concerning the Mohawks 
pafsM over. They often had terrible apprehenfion of the 
locuiflon of the Mohawks ^* One very hot Seafon a great 
A HciIg Co- Number gathered together at the Village ^ and being a very 
mcdy with drooghty People, the)r kept Jam$s and my Mi Night and 
%oiir Tra£c* Dny fetching Water from a Cold Spring, that ran out of a 
^' rocky Hill about three Quarters of a Mile from the Fort. 

lo going thither, we crols'd a large Interval-Corn* Field, 
and then a Defcent to a lower Interval before we afcended 
the Hill to the Spring* James being almoft dead as well 
#yJ, with this continual Fatigue, contriv^J to fright the In- 
dians : he told me of it,but conjur'dme toSecrccy,yet faid, 
he knew that I could keep Counfel. The next dark Night 
James going for Water, let his Kettle on the defcent to the 
loweft Interval i and ran back to the Fort, puffing & blow- 
ing, as in the utmoft Surprize ; and told hisMafterthathe 
Jaw fomething near the Spring, that lookM YxkcMohawks : 
[which he faid were only Stumps — afide] his Mafter being 
a moft couragious Warrior, went with James to make dif- 
covery, and when they came to the brow of the HxW^Jamts 
pointed to the Stomps, and withal touched his Kettle with 

* Tlicfc are called alfo Afa^as.SL moft ambitious.haughty and blood thirftf 
People : from whom rhe ocherlndianstake theirMcafurei and Manners .- 
ki.d (heir Modes and Changes of Drc(« $(o 



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bit Toe. which gave U motion downHil),8nd it every turn 

•f ihe&eide the Bail clattered | upon which Jama and 

bis MaAer coold fee a M^tawk in every Stump on motion, 

ggj tutnd t'sU S0^ and he was the beft Mm that eouM tun 

fafteft. Tbii alarmM alt the Indiins in the Village. Thtjr 

the* abooe thirty or forty in number, packM on Bag twd i 

Baggage^ Tome op the River and othefi down : and did 

not return under fifteen Days, and the heat of the Wea* 

thtr being finely over, our hard Service abated far thisSea*' ,. 

fon. I never heard that the Indians underftood the Occa** 

fionof the Fright, but Jmiu and I had many a private^ 

Laoghaboet it. 

But my moil intrmate and dear Companion wntoncjt^bfi ^ ... 
Evans ^ a Toung Man taken from ^mbfch. We as often Sl^I^^V^- 
as we couldi met together, and made known our Grievan* ^j,jVhi>J)U* 
ces to each other, which feemM to eafe our Minds : but f^ciiln» *(^ 
when it wai known by the Indiani, wc were flridHy csa* Ui:Mh flee* 
mined apart, and falfely accured,that we were contriving ia 
delert | but we were too far from the Sea to have any tho^c 
of that : and when they found that our Story agreed, wo 
received noPoniftimenc. An EnglifhCaptive Girl about this 
time, (who was taken by Mcdscawand^^y would often falfely 
accufe us of plotting to deferc, but wc made the Trufh fo 
plainly appear,that (he was check'dand we rckafed* Bue 
the thIrdWinter of my Captivity, he went into thcCountry, 
and the Indians impoled a heavy Burden on him, tho' lie 
was extream Weak with long Tafling : and as he was going 
off the Upland over a Place of Ice which was very liollow 
he broke thro*, fell down & cut his Knee very much, not- 
withdanding he travelled for fome time : but thcWin J and 
Cold were \o forceabte, t hit they foon overcame him, and 
he fat or fell down, & all the Indians pjiV'J by him : fome 
of them went back the next Day after him, or hisPatk,aTid 
found him, with a Dog in his Arms, both frrzc as iliff a^ 
a Stake. And all my fellow Captives, ^^clt difpcffcit and 
dead : but thro' infinite Sc unriftcritedMA Gondncfs I waa 
fupported under, and carried thro' all Diflicuhies. 


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C H A P. W 
. Of further Diffadtia mtd Deliveraneei. 

Sfcr I. . C\^^ Winter 11 «^c mttt tnw\n% from Fkoi to Plict, 
CH a ncir e- Vi/ ottf Hpo^cri l(HlM fofiie Moofc i and one lying fome 
T^^j. '^*"" Milci froip o^ir Wigwama) a Young lodiaafic my fclf wcro 
iSi ^ oc<*<rcd to fqt^b part of Ic. Wo fct out in abo Moroiog 
wbtn tho Wcatlicr wai promifingy but U proved a very 
Colc)| Cloudy Day, \% was late in the Evening we t rrived 
at the Place where the Moofe lay : fo that wenad no time 
CO provide Materials for Fire orShelter. At the fame time 
a Scorm came on very thick of SnoW| and continued fill 
the next Morning. We made a fmall Fire with what little 
RubbiOi we could 6nd around us, which with the heat of 
our Bodies melted the Snow upon us as fall as it fell, and 
fiird our Cloaths with Water. Neverthelefs, eaily in the 
Mornings we took our Loads of Moofe* Fieih, and fee our, 
in order to return to our Wigwams : We had not travelled 
far before mv Moofe-Skin Coat C^hich was the only Gar* 
nient that I bad on mv Back, and the Hair was in moft 
Places worn off) was froze ftiffround my Knees like aHoop, 
M likewife my Snow-(boes & Shoe-clouts to my Feet ! Thus 
I marchM the whole Day without Fire or Food 1 at firil I 
was in great Fain,then my Flefli numbM,and I felt at times 
cxtream Sick, and tho*t I could not travel one foot further i 
but wonderfully revivM again. After long travelling I felt 
very drowfv, fit had thoughts of fetting down i which had 
\ 1 done, witnout doubt I had falPn on my final Sleep ; as 

my dear Companion, Evans^ had done before ^ for my In- 
dian Companion, being better CloathM, had left me long 
before : but again my Spirits revivM as much 9i% if I had 

r received the richeft Cordial 1 Some Hours after Sun-fet I 

recovered theWigwam, and crawled in with my Snow-O^oes 
on. The Indians cryM out, fb$ Captive is froze to Death ! 
They took ofFmv Pack, and where that fay apinft my 
Back was the only Place that was not frozen. Thelndians 
cut off my Shoes, and ftript the Clouts from myFeet,which 
were as void of feeling as anv frozen Flelh could be : but I 
had not fat long by the Fire, before the Blood began to cir* 


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ii9i{i tnl.l fin I'. V w /f. a4w lt> I lew t 

cuUttt ind my pcet to my ADklci tomM blick| Be fwcftcil'J 

with bloody BUItcr3| And were incxprc^bly painful Thf ^ 

Inditni fa id one to a not her ^ His F€i$ wilt nt^ attd h*tt dif, 

NcvcrtJidcfj, I flcjH well at Nighn Soon after ihc SkUi 

came off my Feet from my Anklei whole Jikc a Shoe^ in4 

left my Toei naked wnhout a Nail* aad the ends of my 

greac Toe* Bones bare^ which Eci a Uxi^c time tumM blacky 

fo thai I wai obliged tocut ihc 6r(l Joint off with myKnifc- 

The Ifidianigave meRags to bind up my FeetjScadvis'd mc 

t5 apply Pir*baIfom,but withal raid^that they believed itwia 

not worth while to uJe mcanr^ for I (houfd certainly die* 

But by the ufc of my Elbowi and a Stick in each Hand, I ^ 

fhovM my felf on my Botcomi over the Snow/fom cneTren ^ 

to another, till 1 goc fomc Fir-halfomi then harn*d It In a^^ 

Uam-nicll till it w.i« of a confidence like Salve^and apply 'cf^ 

it 10 my Feet and Ankle*, and by the divine Btefling withla ^ 

fi Week I could go about upon my Heels with my Staff: And 

thro* god's goodncfs^we had Ptovifian enough, fo that we 

did not remove under ten or fifteen Dayi» and then iheln* 

dims made two Jittle Hoopt fomcthing in PoimaiaSnow- 

flioc, and fcizM them to my Feet : and I foIIowM them in *• 

their Track on my Hce'i from Place to Place j fonieiime* * 

half Leg deep in Snow &£ Watcr^ wlilch gave me the molt t,. 

acute Pain imaginable, but 1 was forced to walk or die. . ^ 

But within a Year my Feet w:re imlrely well, & theNailf ^ ^^,, 

came on my great Toes : fo that a very ciitical EyCjCOuM i* 

fear ce perceive any part mifllngjor that they had been froze ^ ^^^^^ ^" 

InaTimeof greatfcarcityofProvifionSjiherndlanschasM s^^-f^ u 
a large Moofe into the River and killM him ; and brought ... By the 
the Flefh to the Village, and laid icon a Scaffold In a large PaliofaScaf. 
Wigwam, in order to make aFeaft. I was very officious in £'^/" "^y 
fupplying them with Wood fc Water, which pleafcd them 
fo well, that they now 8c then gave me a piece of Flefh half 
boiPd Of roafte(1,which I did cat with eagernefs : and I doubt 
without great Thankfuloeff to the divine Being, who fo 
extraordinarily fed me 1 •••At length the Scaffold broke, 
and one large Piece fell and knock d me on the Head [the 
Indians faid that I lay ftunM i cunfiderable time] the fit ft 

F I 

Digitized by 


( '8 ) 

I was fenfiblc of wis a mormoting Noife io my Eiri, iheii 
my Sight gradually retorn'dy with an extream Pain io my 
Head) which* was very much broiicd|and ic wai long before 
I recovered) the Weather being very Hot 

Srct. IIL ^ ^*^ once with an Indian fifliing for Storg6oo,tbetndlaa 
-from drow*. dirting one, bit Feet dipt and turoM tha Canoe bottom op* & 
f^iiv; hy the wardf^wich me under it i holding fall the Croil-bar (for I f 
Vc^l^ ^ ^^'^ ^^^ Swim) with my Face to the bottom of tbeCanoe. i 
^'^^ But 1 turnM my felf and bro't my Breaft to bear on the ^ 
Crofs^ bar : expedliog every Minute, that the Indian wouM 
have towM me the Banic : But bi had c$l$r S^Jb u Fty! \ 
Thus I continued a quarter of an Hour without want of / 
Breath, founding for Bottom, till the Current drove me on \ 
a Roclcy Point, where I could rea<hBottom ; therelftopM I 
and turnM up my Canoe. I look'd for the Indian, and he f 
was half a Mile diftant up the River. I went to him^aod . 
atlcM, Why be did not tow me to tbeBank, fteing he Itnew 
that I could not Swim ? He iaid he knew that I waa un- 
der the Caaoe, for there were no Bubbles any where to be 
leen, & that I Ihould drive on thePoint : therefore he toolc 
care of hia fine Sturgeon, which was eight or ten Feet 

Sbct. IV. — -Fifliing for Salmon at the Faii of about fifteen Feet of 

Another In- Water, there being a deep Hole at the foot of the Fail ; the 

J^^P^ Indiana went into the Water to wafli themfelvea, & asked 

from drown- ^^ ^^ B^ ^^ ^^^^ v}^tm. I told them that I could notSwim. 

««• They bid me firip [which was done! and dive acrofs the 

deepeft Place, and if I fell (hort of the other fide,they faid 

they would help me. But inftead of divmg acroft the oar* 

roweft, I was crawling on the bottom into the deepeftPlace : 

but not feeing me rife, and Icnowing wbere-abouu I was, 

by the bubliop; of the Water i ^ younc Girl, dove into the 

Water, and feizing me by tlie Hair of my Head, drew me 

out : otherwife I had perilhed in the Water f. i 

t Tho* both Male wad Female iiiair be in the Water at a Timei diey have 
each of rbem mocc or lefi of their Qoaths oo^ and bebare vaib the ut- 

tnoS Chafiity tod Modeftjr. k*f t 

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^Uect the liuliaaViJt«ge,tliid been cutting WMd,and Sicr V. 
WMbiAdiog it op with «o Iiidi«»>lCop« io order to carry it |^ '^X P"* 
to tbeWigwaiD,whea • iloat, ill-utoc'd youngFellow sboot *;om'*i^in( 
aoTetra of Aft, threw me bickward,(«c on myfifealt,and Murdued. 
pelling ooc hi* &Dlfe. feid that be wooM kiJJ me, for he had 
never yet klU'd |o Bioglilh Ftrfeo. 1 told him that he 
flrifbt go to War, and that woold be more Manly, thin to 
kilia poor Capt' * • • ■ - - 

me . 

from otf me CO hit Beck, & lollow'd him with my Fill and 
Knee To, that he prefeotlv laid he had roough i but 
when I Taw the Blood nm & felt the Smart, I at him again 
and bid him getop end oot lie there like a Dog, — told him 
of hit former Abofea oftrtd tome & other poor Csptives, 
and that if everbe o&rcd the like tomeagun, Iw'oTild pay 
him dooble. I feat hhn before me, took up my Burden of 
Wood,& came to thcladiamand told them the nhoteTrutb ; 
and they commended me : And I doo*t remember that ever 
be ofiered me the leaft Abafe afterward } tho' he was big 
enoogh to have difpatched two of me. I pray GOD ! I 
may never be forgetfbl of hit wonderfnlGoodnefs I and that 
thefe Inilancti may excite othert in their Adverfitiei to 
make their AddteiTtt to the Almighty » and put theirCon- 
fidence in Him in the ofe of proper Means. 


OfremarkabU Events of Providence in the Deaths of 
feveral barbarous Indians, 

THE Priett of thfi River, was of the order St. Francis, Sect. I. 
a Gentleman of a humane, generous Difpofuion : in Tl»e Deaths 
bis Sermons he moft feverety reprehended the Indians for "'' '•«>•« S*' 
their Barbarhies to the Caprives : he ivould often tell them, VZ iShiis 
that, excepting their Errors in Religion, the EngRfl, were mtmioS 
a better People than themfelves ; and that God would re- Ch.ll.Seait 
matkably punilh fuch croel Wretches, and had begun to 




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f »o) 

Account I 
I A Splin* 


execute hii Vengeance upon fuch ! ^ He gave in 
of ehc Retftliarions of Frorideitce to IhofemtirderoOiCi^r 
SMMe Indians nbove mentfoned. Oho ^f whom rin A 8pl 
Eer intfl his Foot, «h!ch feftcr*d and rotttd hU FIdh CiU it 
IcUlM him. Another tan t Fifl)*bonelAf6 horflafkldrAmit 
«ffd fhc rotted roDtath^notwithftandiDgillMetfislliacwerc 
uftd. In Tome fuch manner thejr all Aed; fe thac tiOC 0110 
of chofe two Fimtliei lived to return bonir/ 'Wefricnw 
for this Remark of tho Frieft, 1 fhcuU) not| pffUope^ figvb 
made the Oblervation. 

There wx$ an old Sqoaw who ever endfivoorod to oot- 
II, do Jll others in Crtielcy coCpptives. VVherd- e¥€r (bo camo 
Bar- into a Wigtvanii where any poor naked ftarved Captiirek 
O*** were fitting near the Fhe ; if they woie grown Perfoil^, 
fhc would privately take up a Shovel of hotCoals,& throw 
them into their Bofom ^ or Young One», (he woold uke by 
the Hand or Leg^ and drag them thro^ the Fire 6tC. Tho 
Indians according to their Cuftom left their Village in the 
Fail of the Year und difpcrfed ihemiiilTeifor Hunting^aod 
after the firll or lecond removal, they all ftrangely forgat 
that old Sqtiaw and her Grandfon about Twelve Years of 
Age. They were found dead in the Place where they wer^ - 
left, fome Months afterward, and no further notice taken 
of them. This was very much obfervedby thePrieft) and 
ferm'd grange to all that heard it, for the Indiana were ge« 
nerally very careful not to leave their Old or Young 1 

In the latter part of Summer, or beginning of Autumn, 
SftT. 1IL the Indians were frequently frighted by the Appearance of 
J;^£^* J^j'fi'^'^ftrange Indians pafltngup & down this River inCanoei,and 
*'"""'^ '"^ about that Time the next Year died more than One Hun* 
dred Perfons of Old & Young : all or moft of thofe that 
faw thofe ftrange Indians ! The Prieft faid, that it was a 
fort of Plague. A Perfon feeming in perfedHealch^ would 
bleed at the Mouth & Nofe, turn blue in Spots, and die in 
two or three Hours [It was very tedious to me who was 
forced to move from Place to Place this cold Seafon. The 
Indians applied red Oker to my Sores, which by GOD's 
Blefling cured m&j The Indians allfcattered, it being at 




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the word tJWimcr cim^ on ; and the Bfow wii fa gf e at rhtr 
the Ifidiani did not Scale orPUnt at the VrlJagc while I wit ^ 
00 the River, and I know not whether iKey have lothiiDay! ^ 
Befoce they thai dcfcrtcdthc Village, when they cam* * 
Jn from Htiming, they would be druok and fight forfcft* 
rai Dayt md ^^ghtl toe cihcf , till they had fjpent fiw^ t>f 
thelf Skim in Wine & Brandy, which »viff brooght to tha 
Village by a French Man, eali'd Monficur Sliimiff€ir. 

•fttfi Uw » *in G " A F# V« 
OfthcirFamiUmHy n^hb^iyFri^ksfrom tbcDevil &c# 

THE Indiani arc very often forprized with the Appea- - - 
raucc of Ghofti & Demons i and fometimet cncoa- ^ ihcjr P<k 
raged by the Devil, far tbcy go to him forSuccefs in Hunt- wmring. ll 

ing &CC. I was once Hunting with Indians who were not 
brought over toibe Romifti Faith : and after feveral Dayi 
Hunting they propofed to jnqu]rc,according to theirCuftom^ 
what Succcfs ihcy Ihould have. They accordingly pic pa- 
red many Hot-Stonet, and laid them in an heap, & made 
a fmall Hutt covered with Skins &c Matti, and then in the 
daik Night two of the Powaws went into thii Hot-Houfe 
with a large Veflcl of VVatcr,which atTimes they poured on 
tbofe hot Rocks,which raifed a thick Steam, To that a third 
Indian was obligM to Hand without, and life up a Matt, to 
give it vent when they were almoft fuffocated. There was 
an old Squaw who was kind to Captives, and never join*d 
with tbem io their Powawing,to whom I manifefted ao ear- 
neft defire to fee their Management : She told me, that if 
they knew of my beins there,they woold kill me, and that 
when (he waa a Girl, ihe had known Toung Perfoha to be 
taken away by an hairy Man : and therefore (he would not 
advife me tago,left the hairy Man (hould carry me away. I 
told her that I waa not afraid of that hairy Man, nor coold 1 

he hurt me if (he would not difcover me to the Powawa. \ 

At length (he promifed that (he would not, but charged me \ 

to be careful of my felf.— -I went within three or four Feet 1 

of the Hot-Houfe, for it was very daik, and heard ftrange 

G Noilea 

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Noif^f &L YeUtngSf Aich as I never heard befare. AcTimei 
the Inaan who tcnrlcil without would lift up the Matt,»nd! 
a StMinrife up, which looked ij^ke Fire in the dark. I Uy 
th^rc two or three Houri, buc law none of their hairy M^n 
or DcmoDi : And when ifnund thanhcy had finiflhcd tbflir 
Ceitmony^ I w^qc to the\Vrgwam,and told chcSquaw what . 
had pa^*'^* whaiiras glad that I returned without hurt i and 
never dlfcovcf *d what I had done. After Tome time, inquiry/ 
wii made, what Succcfi we were like to have in our Hunt- 
ing I J The Pdwaws faid, that they had very likely Slgoa of 
SQCcefs, but no real, vifibtc Appearance m at other Times. 
A few Days after, we moved up the River, and had pret* 
^ ty good Succcls* 

One Afcf moon fli I was in k Canoe utth on« of the V^ 
waws, the Dog barkM^ nml prcfcntly a Moofe pals'd by, 
within a few Rods of us, lb that the Waves which hemad^ 
by v^ading roli'd our Canoe | the Indian fhot ac him, but 
the Moole took very litcte notice of it, and went into tht 
Woods to the Southward : the Fellow lHid> Vll try if 1 cmh*$ 
f$ukf^m back^ fcr ail y&ur bap. The Evening following, 
wc built our two Wigwams on a Sandy Point on the upper 
End of an I Hand in theRtver,Northweft of the Place where 
the Moofe went into the Woods: and the Indian powawM 
the greateft part of the Night following, and in theMorn- 
ing we had the fair track of a MooiV^ round ourWigwams, 
tho' we did not fee or tafte of it. *--• I am of 0pjumn,that 
the Devil was permitted to huniour thoic unhappy Wret* 
ches fomelimes^ in fome things. 

Sect. II. ^^ Indian being fome Miles from his Wigwam^ and the 

An Jnftancc Weather being warm^ he fuppofed the Hedge- Hogs would 

of tht Devil's come out of their Den, he way*laid the Mouth of it till 

Ind& ^^'' '^^^ ^'^ ^'ght. [See Chap. 6. Seft. 3.] They not coming 

out a3 ufual, he was going home, but had not pafled far, 

before he fav; a Light like a Blaze, at a little diflance be^ 

fore him, and darting his Spear at it, it difappeared^ then 

on the Bank of the River, he heard a loud Laughter, with 

a noife like a ratling in a Man'sThroat. The Indian railed 

nt the Demon whom he fuppos'd made the Noife, calling it 

a lottenSpirit of noSubftance&c. He continued to hear the 


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Noife and fee the Ligbc 'rijl h^ ciipe into the Wigu afr^ 
which he emred, in ms hunting Uabir^withSoow- (hoes aiut 
all on j fo frighted, tt^at^ it was fonie (ime before he could 
Cpctt to relate what h^d happened. 

That it may further appear how much they were deluded, j;^^^ hj^ 
or under the Influence of flatan^ read cwo Stocscs nhSh x.^ |^|^ 
were related and heikved by the Indians, i^* 1 VMe%, 

The firft i of a Boy who was carried away by ftlargeBfnl 
called a G^Uh^s, who buildeih her Ne ft on an high RocJt; ^^J^ 
Of MoiHitaio« A Boy was Hunting with his Bow ik Arr<j*f ^^ mutn'd 
at the Fool of a ILocky Mouauia, whca the Gulhua came by a GMikMM. 
diving thro' the Air^ grarpM the Bov hi her Tatons ; and 
iho* he wai eight .or ten Yoara of Age,^ <he foarM a lofty 
aad laid bim ia her Neft, a Frey for heooung ; where the 
Boy lay conftantly on hia Face, hont would lookfomeeimei 
under bia Arms and fa w awo Young Onet with much Fi(h 
and Fleih in the Net, and the old BMconftantly bringing 
more. So thai the yoone Ones "not touching him, the old 
One dawVlhlroopend ut him where (he found bim i who 
returned, and related the odd Brent to his Friends. As I 
have, to a Canoe, pafii'd near the Mountain, the Indiana 
have faid to me, Tbitf is tb9 Nijt $fth9 gttat Bird tbaf car^ 
riid thi Boy 4msf : And there feem'd to be a great num- 
ber of Sticka put together in form of a Neft on the Top of 
the Mountain. At another time they faid ; 3'bir0 is lbs 
Bird^ but b$ is mw^ ms a Boy u a Gianf^ to what bt vas in 
former Days. The Bird which they pointed to, was a large 
fpeclcled Bird, like an Bagle, tho' fomewhat larger. 

The other Notion Is, That a young Indian in hisHuntlng Qf aBoy tfwt 
was belated and loft his Way, and on a fudden he wai In- was emcr- 
troductd to a largeWigwam full of dryM Ecls,which provM tjin'd by a 
to be a Btaver's Houfe, in which he livM till the Spring of *'«^"'- 
theYear,when he was turned out of the Houfe, and fet up- 
on aBeaver-Damm,and went Home, and related the Affair 
to his Friends, at large. 

When from the Mounlain-Topf, whh hideous Cry 
And clattering Wings the Hungry Harpies fly : 

They Snaich'd ' 

*— And whether Gods or Birdi obfccne they w€rc, 
OurVwifbr Pardou and for Peace prefer i?»y^w% Vlrt;. 


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A Defcffpthn of feveral Creatures eommouly taken 
by the Indians on St. John's Riven 

i » 


*^. 1 T Tfi^S Bi^vit hif a very tbkk firoof Neck, bit fore 
OfihV Mfs- ^ Teeth, which are mo In the upper and cwo in the 
unUtf J4w, are concaVe and ftiarp like a Carpenter*»Googe. 
TMir fidc-Tecth are like a Sheep's, for che^ chew theCod. 
Their l.fgs ire (hari, the Clawi fomeihinif longer than in 
other Crcdcurrs i the Naili on the Toei of their bind Feet 
are flat like an Ape'i, but joinM logeiher by a Membrane 
J3 ihofe of Witer Fowl, their Taili broad and flat like the 
broad £nd of a Faddlc. Near their Tails they have foor 
Bnttlcs, two o^ which ceocain Oil, the other Gum, the 
neckf of thefe meet in one common Orifice ; the latter of 
ihele coDeaio the proper Caftorum, and not tbeTefticlei,ai 
feme have fancied, for the Tefticlei are diftinA ficfeperate 
from thefe, in the MaleionJy ; but the Caftorum and Oyl« 
Bottlci are common to Male and Female. With this Oyl 
and Gum they preen themfelvei, To that when they come 
out of the Water it rum off them, ai it doth oflF a Fowl. 
They have four Teara, which are on their Breafti, fo that 
they liug up their Young, and fuckle them, aa Women do 
fhcir Infancf. They have generally two and fometimei 
foor \n a Litter. I have feen feven or five in the Matrix : 
bi}t the Indians think it a ftrange thing to find To many in 
a Litter, and they afTert, that when it fo happens, the Dam 
kills all above four. Thevare the moft laborious Creatures 
chat I have met with. I nave known them to buildDamms 
acrofs Rivers which were thirty or forty Perch wide, with 
Wood & Mud, fo as to flow many Acres of Land : in the 
deepeil part of a Pond fo raifed, they build their Houfes 
round in the Figure of an Indian Wigwam, eight or tea 
Feet in height, and fix or eight Feet diameter on theFloor f 
which it made defcending to the Water^ the Parta near the 
Center about four, and near theCircumference between ten 
and twenty Inches above the Water : Thefe Floors are co* 
vered with ftrippings of Wood likeShavings ^ on thefe they ' 
deep with their Tails in the Water, and if the Frefliitsrile 


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they hivt the idvantflge of riCng on ihcirFlaftr lotheklgli* 
elt pare* They feed ou the Lcives ma Baikof Trccitftftf 
Pond- Lilly- Rooti. In ihc Fall of the Year ihcy Uy 'In 
tbcii PfoviGoo for the approaching Winter i cutting down 
Tfcei great and fmalf, with one end in their Mouchs they 
drag their Branches near to their Hottfei and fir^k many 
Cordi of U, [They will cot down Trees of a Fathom iu 
Circumference J They hive Door* co go dowo to the 
Wood on dec the Tce^ and In cafe the Pre (hits iift^ )>reak 
down and carry off their Store of Wood, they ofcen ^^mt. 
They have a Note for conveifing* calttng & warning each 
other, when atWorkorPeeding ; « while they are at Labour 
they keep out a Gtiard| who upon the fifft iippfotch of an 
Enemy lo ftrikei the Water with it*j Tail, that he may be 
heard half a Mile j which fo alarms the reft, that they are 
alt fltcnt, quit their Labour, and are to be ftcn no mora 
for that Time. And If the Mate or Fctntlc die, th« fur- 
vivingreekf a Mate, and conduits him or her lo their 
Houfe, and carry on Affairs as above, - — 

hi itdoat/ ^fl 

The IVi^htfin \% a very fierce an<f mifchievout Creature: Sict, IL 
about the bignefs of a middling Dog, hiving (hort Legs, Of the IT*/- 
broad Feet, & very Iharp Claws ; and in my Opinion may ^^'^' 
be reckoned a Specie* of Cats, They will climbTrees,and ^ 

wait for Mnofc and other Creatarcs who feed below, and 
when an Opportunity prefeiits jump and Arike their Claws 
in them fo faft, that they will hang on them *tillthcy have 
gnawM the main Nerve of the Neck afunder, fie the Crea- 
ture dies. I have known many Moofe killM thus. 1 was 
onee travelling a little way behind fcveral Iridiin!, &hca d 
them Laughing very merrily : when I came to them^ they 
ftiew'd mc the Track of a Moofe, and how a fy^tverhshnd 
climb'd a Tree, and where be had jumped off upon the 
Moore i and the Moofe bad given feveral large Leap9,and 
happening to come under a Branch of a Tree, had broke 
the tVyh$fin*% hold and tore htm off : and by his Track in 
the Snow, he went off another/^witb (hort ft eps, as if he had 
been ftun d with the Blow. The Indians who impute fach 
Accidents to the cunning of the Creature, were wonder- 
fully pleafed that the Moofe fliould thus out- wit the mif-^ 
chievous H^^lvtrin f 

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( 16 ) 

Thcfe U^olursBSj go into Wigwams which hive been left 

for iuy TifWy fcitcer the Things abroad ^and mod filthilf 
ilKiIluie them with Ordure. . I have heard ihe ladiani fayt 
iltiac ihey have bai'4 their Cum from under their HeiclH 
.while they were aflcep ; and left them Co dcfil'd. Ao In- 
dian told WfCf that having Icfc his Wigwam with fundry 
ThiDgi on tbeScaffold^aimopg which was » Birch-Flaik 
with iiiv^ai Pcuoda oif Powder in it ; At thejrrecufQ they 
jwere (nuftbrurpris'd and gcicv*d, for a light Snow had fah- 
JeH) and a IVoh$f\n yifiti tbeir Wigwam^ mounts the Scat- 
fold, and»-^U> plundering, heaves down Bag & BiigMge ; 
the Powder- happened to/a)l into the Fire^ which fiJrd the 
H^^lvifim^t Byeif and threw him and the Wigwam fome 
Rods. At laog^h they iound the blind Creature rambliog 
backward and forwardi had the ratisfaAion of kicking and 
heating him about, which in great meafure made up the|r 
Lofi : and then they could contentedly pick uptheiiUten* 
fill} and fig out their Wigwam 1 

Sect. III. Our Midgi-H^g or Urcbin is about the bisnefs of a Hog 
Ofthe^fii^t' of fix Months old, his Back and Sides and Tail are full of 
H0i, fh^rp Quills, fo that if anyCreature approacluthey will con- 
tra^ ihcmfelvea to a globular Form > if a Creature attack 
them, thofe Quilla are fo (ha'-p and lofe in their Skins that 
they flic in the Mouth of theAdverfary and leave their own 
Skin. They will ftrtke with great force, with tbeir Tails ; 
fo that whatever Alls -under the la(h of them, are certainly 
fill'd with their Pricklea : But that they (hoot their Quills, 
as fome aflfert they do, is a great miilake as to the^aim^j/v^ 
and t believe as to the AftUan U$dgi-Ihg or Porcupitn 
alfo ; as to the former I have taken them at ail Seafonsof 
the Year. See Chap. 5. Sed. a. 

Slot. IV. It is needlefs to defcribe the frefli-water forfoife^ whofe 
o( the 'Yor- Form is fo well known in all Parts: but their way of pro- 
''>' pagating their Species is not fo univerfally known. I have 

obferved that fort whofe Shell is about fourteen or fifteen 
Inches wide : in their Coition or Treading they may be 
heard half a Mile, making a noife like a Woman wa(hing J 
her Linnen with a batting StafiT— . They lay tbeir £ggs in 


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the Sind ; aear fome deep ftUIW4ter,tb3Ut a Fo^t beneath 
the furface of the &^ni They are verycuribus to cover- 
ing chem with the Sand^ fo that there i| not the leall mix- 
tare of it amongft them ; nor the leaft rifirigof SMi'dfwM^ 
Betth where they He : I have of^en fearch if for Ui<m witfi 
the Indian), by tharfting « Stick into the Sand, ab:>at the; 
Beech at random, and brought tip fome part of an figjf 
clingfng to it : and uncovering the Place h^ve found near 
an hundred 6c fifty in one Keft. BDth their Eggi & Plcfh 
are good-Batine when bofi'd 8tc. t have obferved a diffe- 
rence as to the length of Time which they are hatching, 
which is between twenty & thirty Payi, fon^e foOner than, 
others : Whether this difference ought to be Imputed to the 
various Quality or Site of the Sand in which they lay C^s to 
it's cold or heat &c.) I leave to the Conje&ure of theVir- 
toofi. — As foon as they were hatch'd, they broke thro' 
the Sand and betook themfelves to the Water, as far as I 
could difcover, without any further Care or Help of the 
Old Ones. 

Of the SaJmw I (hall only note, that they come from the Sect. V. 
Sea earKr in the Spring, to the frefli Rivers j and with great Of the Stt- 
pains afcend the Falls, rill they come to the Heads of the """• 
Rivers i where the Water runs riffling over a coarfeGravel 
near fome Pond or deep ftill Water : there they workHoles 
to lodge in, and in the Night refort to them,by two & two, 
the Male with his Female ; thus lying together the Female 
ejeds a Spiwn, like a Pea j the Male a Sperm like Milk, 
which fink among the Gravel. 1 have often been filhing 
for them, with a Torch in the Night, when the Water hath 
been To (hoal that they have lien with their Backs & Tails 
above the Water : and if our Spear mifs'd it's ftroke, the 
Filh darted at,would flutter & alarm the whole Shoal, (tho* 
it confined of a vaft Multitude) which immediately repair- 
ed to the deep Water, and return'd not in plenty for fcvc- 
ral Nights. When the Leaf falls thev have doneSpnvnin: 
and return to the Sea. 



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( »8 ) 
c Ha R VII. 

Of tkir Fi^fimi^ 6rc. 

Saet I 1 A/ ^I^N the IndUni determine for Wir, or are fjjttf- 
Oiikdr W i'^f *'P^'^ * pitikuUf Eipetlj[ion» they kill a ngm* 
Fctfltnj; Ik^ ber of their Dogf, buro ofFcheir Heir, aod cue chcm mto 
fore ihcj^ go plecci i leaving only one Dog^s Hcid whole % the reft of 
ooi i^W^t. (he FIcfh they boiJ^ and make i fine Feaft of it : after which, 
the Dog^s Head thatwa^Iefcwholeiifcorch^di 'till theNofe 
lod Lipi have fhrunk from the Teeth, and left them bart 
•Off grianing i thii done i they fatten it on a Stick, a art 
the Indian who ti propafed to b€ Chief In the Eicpediclon 
takei the Head into hli Hand and (ings a Warlike Song : 
in which he mentions the Town they deftgn to Attiick,and 
the principal Man in tt^ threatning that in a few Days he 
tvjll carry that Min'i Head and Scalp m hU Hand, in the 
fame manner. When the Chief hach Sung, he fo places 
the Dog'i Head as to grin at him whom he fuppofeth will 
go his Second : who, if he accepti, tikei the Head in his 
Hand and fingf, but If he refufe to go, he turns theTecth 
to another j and thui from one to another 'till they have 
Inlifled their Company. 

The Indiaat imagine that Dog** Flefh makes them bold 
and courageous \ J have ft^n an Indian fplit aDogSHrad 
with a Hatcher, and take out the Brains hot, and eat them 
raw, with the Blood running down his Ja\i^5 ! 

Sect* IL When a Relation dies ; in a dill Evening, a Squaw will 
Of tfidr ^aju^ pn x\it higheft Land near her abode, and with a loud, 
rhcDwd^and"^^"*^^'"'^' Voice exclaim, Ob bawi^ ba'-^t^ i^:£/r, witha long 
Feafl aftcrif ttiotirnfu) Tone to each baive^ for a long time together- 
After the mourning Seafon is over, the Relattona of the 
deceafed make a Feait to wipe ofif Tears ; and they may 
Marry freely. If the deceased were a Sqaaw,theRelaiion8 
•coofult together and choofe a Squaw (doubtlefa a Widow) 
and fend her to the Widower ; and if he like her he takea 
jier to be his Wife, if nor, he fends her back ; and the 
Relations choofe and fend 'till they £nd one that he approv- 
eth of. 



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('9 ) 

If I young Fellow dctcimlncito marry,hijRcUtionsant1 J^^^;^^'''' 
the Jtfwt idvift kirn to a Gir) : and rhe young Tcllowgocs Accoimt of 
Into the Wigwam where (he is, and looks on her j and Uhc thcirjdarria- 
]ikes her, he tbfleth a Chip or Stick into her Lap, which Ihe fie*. _ 
takes, and with a referv'd, fide^Loek views thcFafon who »'^'^^ ^=^**"' 
{cut it i yet handlcth the Chip with Admiration, as cho' flic 
•wondred from whence it came. If flie likes hjin,fl^c throws 
the Chip to him, with a modeft Smile j and ihen no- 
thing is wanting but a Ceremony wUh the Jefuit to con- 
fummate the Marriage : Bot if theyoungSquaw diOikcthe 
Fellow, ihe with a furly Countenance throws thcChip afide, 
and he comes no more there*-^-** 

If ^Parents have a Daughter marrigeable ||, they feck a - OfaD^a'- 
Husband for her, who is a good Hunter. And li he have '^^* 
a Gun and Ammunition, a Canoe, Spear and Hatchcc ^ a 
Monoodah ^ and crooked- Knife, a looking- Gla is & Paint; 
a Pipe, Tobacco and Knot- Bowl to tofs a kind of Dice in, 
he is accounted a Gentleman of a plentiful Fortune. 
[By iheir fort of Dice they lofe muchTime, playing whole "^ 

I)jys and Nights together : and fometimes their whole 
Ertate : tho' this is accounted a great Vice by the Old Men* j 
Whatever the new-married-Man procuresthe firft Year be- 
longs to his Wife's Parents. [ If the young Pair have a ^ 
Child within a Year and nine Months, they are cho*c to be 
very forward, libidinous Ferfons.] 

There Is an old Story told among the Indians of a Fa* Sect. IV, 
mily, who had a Daughter that was accounted a 5nifhed A Drgrcfllo'i 
Beauty, and adorned with the precious Jewel of an Indian cfnuaiEiing^ii 
Education ! So formed by Nature and polifhM by Art they n^""^;^* 
could not find for her a fuitableConfort ! At length, while mft^cd^^byTa 
they refided on theHead oiPenobfcot R/v^r,under the White- Demon. 
Hills called the Teddon^ this fine Creature was miffing j and r^,9^ ^Jj? 
her Parents could have no Account of her. After much eaij-d'^the 
Time fpenr. Pains, and Tears fhow*red in queft of her ; JtAdon, &c 

A Virgin who has been educated, tomalccMonoodah's and BirchDiflic.s 

to lace SnoMT-Shoes and make Indian Shoes^ to firing Wampurn'Bclrsll v/ 

Birch Canoes, and boil the Kctde^ is cftccinM as a Lady of fine Ac con • 


A AUnoodMh is an Indian Dag. 

I they 

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ihey faw her, diverting her fdf with « beaurifbl Touifc, 
ivhoCe Hair like her's flowM down below b is Watte^ Swim- 
ing, Wafhing, &c. in the Water ; but the Youthf vaoiflied 
upon their Approach ♦. Thif beaiitiful Perlbo,whom they 
imagined to be one of thofe kind Spirits who inhabit the 
Ttddjn ; they lookM upon him as their Son*in-Law : fo 
that (according to Cuftom) they called upon him forMooff , 
Beifj or what ever Creature they defired, and if they did 
but gci to the Water<>fide and fignify their defiie, the Crea- 
ture which they would have, came Swimming to them 1 

1 have heard an Indian fay, that he lii'ed by the Rivar 
at the Foot of the Tiddon^ and in his Wigwam, feeing the 
top of it thro' the Hole left in the top of the Wigwam for 
the pafltng of Smoke, he was tempted to travel to it : ac- 
cordingly he fet out early on a Summer'sMorning, and la- 
boured hard in afcending the Hill all Day, and the Top 
fcem'd as diilant from the Place where he lodged at Night, 
as from the Wigwam whence he began his Journey : and 
concluding that Spirits were there, never d4ire make a fe- 
cond Attempt. 

I have been credibly informed that feveral others bare 
faird in the fame Attempt : particularly, that three young 
Men towr*d the T$dd4n three Daya and an half, andjhen 
began to be ftrangely difordered &cdelirious,and when their 
Imagination was clear, and they could recoiled where they 
were, and had been ; they found themfelvcs returned one 
Days Journey : how they came down fo far, they can't 
guefs, onlefs the Genii ottht Place convey M them! Thefe 
White Hills at the Head of P$nobfcot Kivif^ are, by the 
Indians, faid to be much higher than thofe, cali'dy^/arjfc^- 
cboikj above Sgc^. 

Where nowr, in his divinefl Form array'd, 

I>i his true Shape be Captivates the Maid ; 

Who gazes on him, and with uond'iing Eyes 

Bcho!c3$ the new majcftick Figtirc rife, 

His gb\%ing Features, and cclcftial Light, 

And all the god difcovcr'd to her fight. EurcpA*s 'Rsipc. 


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But to return to irf IndUh Fcaft, of which yMrmaf re- g^^^ 
' qucft I Bill of Fare, befbre' you go ; and if you dtfl.Jce ic o> Coeoi 
Itay at Home. The Ingredients are Fifh, Flelh^ or liidiart ^<A%. 
Corn and Beans boiled together^— *, ot Hafty^Pudden made 
of poundecf Corn : Whenever and as often as thee are 
plenty ; an Indian boils four or five Urge Kettles full, and 
fends a Meflenger to each Wigwam- Door; who exclaimi, 
Kuh Minfioin%b0h / I c. / t9fn$ to cpndult y$u t9 a Ftajf : 
The Man within demands whether he mull tdke, a Spoan, ' ?' 
or a Knifs In his Difh which he always carriti with him. 
They appoint two or three Young Men to Mcfs it out, to 
each Man his Portion according to the number of hit Fa- 
mily at Home ; which is done with the utmoftexa^nefs*. 
When they have done eating, a young Fellow flsnds with- 
out the Door, and crys aloud Jlfri^9i»;7i^0jl, Come & fetch ! 
Immediately each Sqtiaw goes to her Husband and takes 
what he has left, which (he carries Home and eats with her 
Children. For neither married Women nor any Youth 
under twenty Years of Age are allowed co be prefent : 
but old Widow*Squaws and Captive Men may fet by the 
Door. The Indian Men continue in thtWigwam/ome re- 
lating their Warlike Exploits ; others fomething Comical ; 
others give a Narrative of their Hunting ; the Seniors give 
maxims of Prudence and grave Counfels to thcYoungMen : 
, tho* every ones Speech be agreable to the run of his own 
Fancy, yet they confine themfelves to Rule, and but one 
fpeaks at a Time. After every Man has told hU Story, One 
rifes up. Sings a Fcaft-Song, and others fucceed alternate- 
ly as the Company fee fit. Spct, Vt 

Their CKtrji' 

Neccffity is theMother of Invention, If an Indian have ^^^7„,, 
loft his Fire-Woik, he can prelently take two Sticks, thCji, *Virfard 

- boiiing ibtif 
♦ What I-oni of old wouM bid Im Coolc prepare, 
Mjngoe^, Porargo, ChnrrpignoiM, Cavarc ? 
Or v^ou'd our ihium CJaj j/d Anccdors fiiKj fi'}lt 
For uant or Tcn-f, or Spoons for Salt ?- 
W^Serc c.Vy thinj; ih.t cvVy Soldier pot. 
Fo*l, Bacon, Cabbage, Muctoii, and what nor, 
Was all chroMn iiuo Bsmk, and kci:; :o Px. 

Ar: of Coot fry. 


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I i i f l l lW IIW 


one harder than the other (the drier the better) indlo the 
Ibftell mikc an Hollow or Socket^ to which they'll fit ooo 
cnA of the hardclj Siicjc j then holding the foiteft Wood 
fiun between their Knp«t i they fix the end of the hiird 
Stick nnde fit inrothe Socket, an.l whirl it round io their 
Hand like a DiHl^ and it tajc^i Fire, in a few Minu^ei. 

If they have loll or ipft their lietile, 'cii but putting the 
Vidtwaty intoa Bicch-Dilh,leaviog« vacancy in the middle, 
filling it with Water, aad pitting in hot Stones ahernately : 
ancl they wi^li thgs thio'iy boil the tougheft Neck of Beefe 

Of my three Tean Ofptitity mtb the French. 

\7^1 ^^^ about C% Years of my doleful Captiviry had 

tion among and my firft Indian Mailer difputed 
the Jndian^()e ; and fome malicious Perfons adviled them to end the 
^Smtrttx^^"^^^^ by putting a Perioii to my Life : but honcftFather 
ir.c to the Stmort^ the Pried of the River, told them that it would be a 
French. heinous Crime, and advifcd them to fell me to the French. 
There came annually one or twoMen of War to Supply the 
Forr, which was on the. River about thirty four Leagues 
from the Sea : The Indians having Advice of the Arrival 
of a Man of War at the Mouth of the River, thfy, about 
thirty or forty in Number went aboard : For the Gentlemen 
from Frarsce made a Prefent to them every Year, and fet 
forth the Riche5 & ViiStories of their Monarch &c. at this 
Time they prcfcnted aBag or two of Flour with foniePi uncs, 
as Ingredients for a Fcaft. I, who was drefs'd up in an old 
greaiy Blanker, without Cap, Hat or Shirr, ( for I had no 
.Shirt for the fix Years, but that which was on my Back 
when I was taken) was invited into the greatCabbin, where 
many well riggM Gentlemen were fitting ; who would fain 
have had a full view of me : I cndcavouied to hide my fclf 
behind the Hangings, for 1 was much alhamed ; thinking 
of my former weaiing Cloaths, and of my living withPeo- 


Sfct. I. 
Of a Contcn 

rir.^ aoouf \X% scars oi my aoicrui wap^iviry naci 

part, my fecond Indian Mailer dyed, whofe ^quaw 

' firft Indian Mailer difputed whofe Slave I fliould 

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: :» M a A^5^ ^' :i /w/ :cij ^iq T 

^fe wholcMAdrlgg it i!»e1>«f AniUftiifthem;^ M) MaHer 
liked k€f tWbtClielr Icfiothtoii fold tboiid the Man of 
Wtf^'br'td thtlnhlbhtnts r ' IrtMted wiiVTejrt, 1 (houM * 
be glidll ]roa wofUM fell me tn the'Et^fli Uttk whom yoit 1 
cook Mi^s l>dt If] miift be fold io the Fcertth;^ 1 chdole to ' 
bifc fl0)d't#|ibe kHftreftbniheRiveri or neareft InhabUanc ^^ 
idthe6Mi|*bo^fw«nty*llM Leiguetf'Ofn the Momhcf -* 
theHhrer : fbrl ihh'ty tliit, if I w^ni (bid to' ^he Gentle^ • 
mien ibotrd the fAM of Vfwt^ I fh6aldbmr teturn to rhe 
fingnfl}. ' ThU v^ai rhe fiiA^ight I htdof gale Waterlnmy^ 
Opthrtty, and the ftrft tlrob that 1 Mid tafted Sill or BreadJ;' 

My Matter tirifentljr went ifliorei and aftier a few Diyi S&er. IT, 
all the Indiam weot op the RHrer ; and when we came to Of nty bem^ 
the HMfe Whkh) mentioned to mvMafteri hewentaOiore f^nA 
with me and tarried all Night : the MaQer of the Hoiile • 
fpake ktddly to me In Indian, for I ccvM riot then fpeax . ^ : f 
one Word of Fremh : Madam alfo looked pieallint on me, 
and gave me feme Bread* The next Dly I was ieot fit 
Leagoei further up the River to another French Hoofe. 
My Matter and the Fryar tarried withMonfieerDarlMij^Siir, 
the Gentleman who had entertained oi the Night before. • 
Not long after,Father Sim^B came and faid. Now you are 
one of ui| for you are fold to that Gentleman by wnbro you • 

were omeruio d the other Night ' I rcplkd > t^-fiold I ^^ 
toa Frenchman I — * I could fay no more ! — * went into 
the Woods alone and wept till 1 could fcarce iee or (bnd ! 
The word Soid^ and that to a People of that Petfwafion, 
which my dear Mother fo much detetted, and in her left 
Words manifeftrd fo great Fears of mv falling into I — » the 
Thoughts of thefe almoft broke my Heart ! When I had 
given vent to my FalHoos, I rub*d my Eyes, endeavouring 
to hide my Grief : But Father SimoM perceiving that my 
Eyes were fwoln^called me afide ; and bid me not to grieve : 
for the Gentleman to whom I was ibid was of a good hu- 
mour, that he had formerly bought two Captives of thein* 
dians,who both went home to B^ft^n ; this in fome meafure 
revived me. But he added, that, he did not fuppofe that 
I would ever incline to go to the Engliih, for the French 
way of Worfliip was much to be preferred : alfo, that he 

K Ihould 

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(houfd pift tbct way io^bdnt ten Dtvt, tod if I did ooC 
lilte 10 Jivtwitb the FurocbbetccMMB witb.tlMliHfitM^ 
he w«aid ^07 m» «g«Ui.: Oa Um P«y folloir)0g, F«!tbfr^ 
J!fw#« tod, my lBdl«(v MaAtq went vp ibt B^^rtx fittjcilfiriy/ 
Lca|Ot«» to thtir Cbi«f ViUt§e, and 1 weot d/»WQ tht IjLirj 
vcr fix L^agnei wiib two Vraocbmen to iny pew Mailer :. 
Who Idfidlj i«^v*d .jne, ,aod in o/e w Dejra Madam ffu^do < 
m« an Osa«bri« Shirt «od Proocb Cap, and a jCpKWMof . 
one of oqr Maiaf't old Coatfi tb«o 1 throw awa)r>in9>t 
7 - I S^csfy Blaolut pod ladian Flap, and look*d at fmfnt»t>^rr» 

Aod I aaver minora faw.tb« old Fryar, the Indiaa Vtiloget 
or fliy Iqdiao Maftfr, jjilk obooc fourtoeo Yeajri after Ij 
iaw toy Indian Matter at Ptrt-Rffoi whither I waafeotby 
. the C<lv«rAn>eot» , wi»b a Flag on Trooe. for enbanfing 
I Priuooeft.:,andataio about twenty foorYear^fince be csaie. 
frotjm lA. y^l»**.to Gf9rg9*$/%o fee me, where I node him irery : 
StcT. 111. My French Mailer held a :greac IVado with tbo lodiaiMi 
or nj Bm. which ibited ao very well, I bebif ihotow io tboLaagiMget 
pioymcw a. of the Tribe* a« Ctfi <SM^s and St. Jth»*$. 1 had . not 
pJ2ciil ^^''^ ^0*% ^^^ (!>•< Gentlcnun beftiro hecomittitted loflMi 
the Keye of bit Store He eHod my whde Employ m ent waa 
Trading and Htrnting^in which I a'dedftitbfiitiy for my 
Mafter, and never knowingly wrong'd him to the valae of. 
one Farthing. They fpalee to me fo fccqoemly In Indian, < 
that it was lome vioae before I war. perfinft io tlw Aencb 
Tongue. Monfieor generaUy had hit Ooodt from theMas : 
of War which came there annoally from Frawi. 

In the Tear i6p6 two Men of War came to the Momb 
of the River, which had teken the Mr«*FMV,C8pt. Pimum 
CcoMMnder, aod brooght him with them : They made the 
Indians Tome Ftefents, and invited them to join In an £«- 
pedhion to P««MMfiM'i, which Invitation they accepted^nd 
fooo after arrived there } end Capt. CMb \ delivered the 

I Th* mcvcrcnd Or. JMbr fayi wimlv ( m ht find «vcfy tUur ) 
«« Tbi* OmM fcwd Opeommiiy in a pmtv QMji, mmmr. to fill 
** the faRKKM E^irtmtt & Jji K f O i, a couple of principal lodian<»wiili 
** one or two other IndiaiM, on a Loni*« Day, the fixteenth of A- 
«« hmmf itf95 V tlMc «cte oiw laiair DeriiDK in dw AAioa of 
•« OoM, then «UI be another Aimrv. not fi» off, wherein the A- 
« venger of Blood wiU take their Sattibaioa tfjf. tfJU. B. B. 7- ^7^ 


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Fort. wKbotttinQch dUpmtMMoo&^wDfhntl iheirCbklf^r 
M 1 nmtA tlwOttiltrauofiilF wham 1 Jived with» wbfr wii 
there prefwl I** Eiriy in tne Sprtog I was fcnt^^Ub three 
Frenchmeo, to the Mooth of the River, foi Provifiornffhlch 
c«me from PiN'BJyML We cirried over Land, from the 
Riv^r to t Urge Bay, where we were driven on ao Ifland 
by a M'orth-KaA Stormy ibA were keoc there fcven Diy^ 
without any Sodaoaiice, for we espeded a quick FafTage 
and cariied tiolbUig with m ; the Wind conEinuing boille* 
rooi, fo thic i^ coold not return back,tad the Ice prevent* 
ed our gdog fbjrwird t Alter fcven Daya the Ice broke up^ 
and we went fcflrwarif, tho*" we were fo weak thai we could 
fcarce hear each other i|ieak ; and the People at iheMouch 
of the River were fiirprised to fee us fo feeble i and ad vlftd 
OS to be cautioos fie abftemious in eating. By ihii Time, I 
knew as much of Faftiog as they, and dieted onBrotb,and 
recovered very well, as al(b one of the others did i bat the 
other two would not be advifed : and I never faw anyPer- 
fons in greater Torment than they were, till they obtained 
a Paflage*«»oo which they recovered. 

I Friar who lived in theFamily invited me toConfcffion, J*"l ^^: 
I excufed my felf as well as 1 coold. One Evcnine he !flr!^' 


but I excured my felf as well as I could* One Evening m ^^^ ^^a^ 
took me into his Apartment, in the dark, and advifed me whUe I m 
to confers to him what Sins I had committed : I told hhn, smoog tbqn. 
that I could not remember e tboufandth part of them 
(they were fo numerous:) Then he bid me remember and 
relate as many as I could, and he would pardon them ; fig- 
nifying that he had a Bag to put them in. I toM him that 
I did not believe that it was in the power of any but GOD 
to pardon Sin. He asked mc, whether I had read the Bi* 
ble ? I told him that I had when I was a little Boy, (6 
long fince, that I had forgot mod of it Then he told me^ 
that lie did not pardon my Sins j but when he knew them 


^ Oar Isft quoted Author fays, on the fourth or fifth ^'iAugBf^ ChM with 
an unaccountable Bafenefs did Surrender the Brave Fort of PtmmsfM 
into their Hands. 

^ Unthbkbg Men no fort oT Scruples make ; 

** And (bme are bad, only for Miichief^a fake ; 

V But ev\i the Bcft are guilty by Miflake. 



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heprajred GOD to pardon them : whea, perh^pi 1 wii it 
my Sparti i^nd Plaft.»*He wifh*d me well, ind hopcflthac 
1 (hniild be better advifed, and faid that be Ihouldcall for 
mv in a licUa Time : Thhiaiii( dUmilild .v)4 Mycr callM 
flic to CoafciHon m^rTi . f^^di V ijitH.I/ yth i i j^^f^ • 

The Gentleman vvhem I lived with had a fine Field of 
hr^rHp^ij^ Wheat, which great oumbeii of Black Birds, vificed i and 
H.iu»r oK dcftroy'd much of. But the French laid a Jefuit would 
libck air4». come and bantOi them ^ who came at length, and all things 
were prepared, viz* a Bafoa of, what they call, Holy-Wa- 
urr, ; a Sta^with a little Bruth to rprinkle withal, 8c the 
JefuiiV white Robe, which he put on, [ 1 ask*d feveral 
Frifonerf, who had lately been taken by Privateeri 
and brought hither, viz. Mr* ff^aoJ^trry^ Ocisy&C Morraw^ 
whether they would goandreetheCeremany > Mr.^^i- 
hitff aikM me, whether 1 defigned to go > I told him that 
1 did He faid, chat I wai then as bad aPapid asthey,and 
a d**nM Fool. I told him that I believ'd as little ot it as 
they did, but I inclined to fee the Ceremony, that I might 
rehcarie it to the Englifh,} They entred the Field and 
walkM through the Wheat in Proccfli^n, a young Ladgo« 
ing before the Jefuit vvifh a Bafan of their Holy 'Water ; 
then the Jefuit with his Brufli, dipping it into the Bafon, 
and IprinkHng the Field on each ftde of him ; nt%i him a 
>-^ ^ - _^ little Bell tingling, and about thirty Men following irj order. 
Singing, with the Jefuit, Org pro Nbh y atthe£nd of the 
Field they W^cclM to the Left about, and returned. Thus 
they went through the Field of Wheat, the Birds rifmg be- 
fore them and lighting behind them. At their return I 
raid to a French Lad ; The Fryar hath done no Service, 
-*He had better take a Gun and (hoot theBirds. TheLad 
left me a while (I tho'r, to ask the Jefuit what to fay) and 
when he returned, he faid, the Sins of the People were fo 
. j^eat,that theFryar could not prevail againfl thofeCreatures. 
The famejefuit as vainly attempted to banifh theMufchetoes 
at Slgtnt^o^ for the Sins of that People were fo great alfo, 
that he could not prevail againft them, but rather drew 
more : as the French informed me ! 


Digitized by 


Some Time after Col Hamkrti attempted the taking the Sfcr- V. 
freeck F^rt »P«b>»iJUver ? wc beard of them feme time '*»«• 
before they cape up the Rivet, by the Gwrd that Govw- t ""'n^*^ 

C^eQeo^)eip«fl.Who«iX liirftd.With wai gone toFramet j and ihe t«ti»g 
Mad«fpA(l.fA^4 W^ n)»»*-iShe thea defired me to nail ih« /•«'"«»** 
Paper oatiJe Door, of w HoufcO, coataiolng flsioi:o«i: . , 

/ $»ttt4$tbt Qtmt4l fftb4 Bflglifh « 7 (» iuTK mi H. «/> pit,} 
54r«, mrd*fi*ff tnyCmk. ■ Idti'tfupprfi tbet facb ajtyA-., 
wjr, r0m« «(p »i>/< Kiv9r t$ 4tfir«y a fiw JHbabitams i bm farCi 
tbi Ftrt abovt w, / iavtjbfw* K'nJni/s to. tit CnotifliCap-' • 
tivci as w« w$rt Capseifat^d, and i>avt hu^bt tv Ctpttvtt of"* 
tbt Indiant •ndf«»t th^m /# B(>ften : end bdve 0»t h6w » $k' 
M,4nd b«Jballi» al/bttbtn a ctmvtiiitat Opportumty prtftnt$^'* 
snd b0 defirts it, ^ *.. 

This dope. Madam faid to me j ... '^.,.:|„(»-a 

" LittU EMgliJb i W* have A«wa yoo Kindnefs ; and.. 
♦ oow It lies in yow Power to ferve or differve ua» aa yon 

know where our Goo4* arc hid in the Woods, and that f 
« Jftf«/?Mr is not at Home. I could have Tent you to the . 
•* Fort and put you under ConHoeraent, but itty Refpeftt 
« to yon, and aOiirance of your Love to us j has difpofed ' 

me to confide in you, perfwaded that you will not hurt 

US nor our Affairs. And now if you will not run away 
** to the Englilh who are coming up the River, but ferve 
« our Intcrelt, I will acquaint Moafitur of it at his return 
« from Fr4HC0, which will be very pleafing to him : And 
« 1 now give mv Word, that, you (hall have liberty togo 
«. to Bofionon tte firft Opportunity (If you defiie it) or 
« that any other Favour, in my Power, (hall not be de- 
" ny d you . 

I replied j " Madam ; It is contrary to the Nature of 
" the Englifh to requite Evil for Good. I (hall endeavour 
!! ^ ^'.T y°" •'i^ y**"' Intereft. 1 (ball not run to the 
« Eneli(h i but if I am taken by them, (hall willingly go 

with them, and yet endeavour not to di(rcrve you either 
•• in your Perfons or Goods". 

U The Place where our Houfe ftood, was called Haf,mfa<k, twenty-five 
Leagues »rom the Rivers Mouth, a$ before noted 

L This 

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Thif faiil, We embirk*d lad went ta i large Boit aa4 
Ctnoe two or three Mttci up in Biflern^ Branch of ih« 
River ibic comei from t lirge Food : ind in ibc Evenifig 
frot down four Hindf to mikc difcovery j ind white they 
were feicing In the Hoiafc the Englifh fQrroQDded tt and 
took one of the foar i the other three mtde their efcipe, 
io the dirk, through the EngUfh Soldierly and came lo iit| 
■iid gave 1 farprising Accounr of Affiiiri, Agiln^ Madam 
did to me, ^^ LmU Engltjb ^ Now you can go from ut^ 
** boe 1 hope you will rcmeniber your Word ! '* I fa id, 
^' MmdAm^ Be oot concerned ; for 1 will not leave yooin 
" this Strait". She faid, *• I know not what to do with 
** my two poor little Babes I " I faid, ** MaJam^ the 
** fooner we embark and go over the greatPond the better ** 
Accordingly we coibarkM and went over the Fond. The 
ntxt Day we fpake with Indians, who ( ^trt in a Caooe 
and') gave tis an Account that SigimH^^T^wB wu taken and 
bornr. Sooo after we heard the great Guot atGovernour 
Viiib^uhVoa^ which the Englifli engag*d fevcral Dayj^ 
kiird one MiOy and drew c^and went down the River ^ 
foi it wai fo lace to the PaJ), that bad they carriod a few 
Daya longer, in the Rivera they woold have been froaelo 
for the Winter. Hearing no report of the great Gana fee 
feveral Dayt^ I with two others went down to our Hoofe^ 
to make difcovery— : where we found our young L4id who 
was taken by the Bnglifh when they went up the River : 
For the ^neral was u> honourable thar,on reading theNote 
on our Door, he ordered that -the Houfe and Barn fliould 
not be burnt, nor their Cattle orotherCreaturet kiUM ; ex- 
cept one or two, and the Poultry, fer their Ufe : and at 
their return, ordered the young Lad to be put alhore. 
Finding things in thisPofture,we returned and gave Msdam 
an Account: — She acknowledged the many Favours which 
the £ngli(h had (hewn her with Gratitude ; and treated me 
with great Civility. The next Spring, M$nfitur arriv'd 
from Franu in the Man of War ; who thanked me for my 
Care of his Affairs, and faid that he would endeavour to 
fulfill what Madam had promifed to me. 


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And accordingly in the Ytar i698,thc Peace being pro* pf ^ 
cliim'di and a Sloop come to ihe Moath of the BJ?er^i9lth teafcriMrol, 
a Ranfom for one Mcbati O^ms | I put Moofietir in mind nim t& my ' 
of bif Word ; I told him that thero wai now an Opportu* fncnd$. 
nity for me to go and fee the £ogU(h. HiadvUed me ro 
tarry, and told me that be would do for me u for bii own 
See* I thank'd him for his KiAdnefi, bat chofe rather to 
go to BfffiffM^ for I hoped that I had fome HelatiooJ yet 
alive. Then be advifed me to go up to th^ Fort and take 
my Leave of the Governour : wblcJb I dld^ mnd he fpske 
very kindly &c. Some Dayi after I took mv Leave oi 
Madam » MonGeur went dowD to tb« Mootb oi tbt River 
with me to fee me fafe aboard, aid aiked the Mafief^Mr. 
Starkti^ a Scotch Man^ whether Imuftpay formyPaflage ? 
if fo, he would pay it bimfelf rather chan I &oold have tt 
to pay at my Arrival at B^jfaj9, but gave me aot a penny* 
The Mafter told him that there wai nothing to pay, aa4 
that if the Owner fhotitd make any Demand, he would pay 
it himfelf rather than a poor Prifoner (hould fuffcr, for ht 
wai glad to Cm any Bnglifti Ferfon come out of Captivity* 


On the tUMMfc of J^^^ I took my leave of Monfieor, 
and the Sloop came to Sail for Boficn ; where we arrived 
on the M4&aMii of the fame at Night, In the Morniiig 
after my Arrival, a Yo^th came en Board^ndaiked many 
Queftioni relating to my Captivity, and at length gave me 
to undcrfland that he wai my little Brother, who was ae 
Flay with fome other Children^ and upon hearing the 
Guns and feeing the Indiani run, made their efcape to the 
Fort, and went off with the Captain and Per^ple : and that 
my Elder Brother who made his Efcape from the Parm^ 
whence I was taken, and our two tittle Sifleri, were ative^ 
and that our Mother had been dead fome Tears, &c. as a* 
bove rclarcd. Then \\t went aOiorc, and faw our Eldet 
Brother 6cc 

On the^ l|coiu1 of Augufi 1689, I wai taken, and 
on the wmimmtt^ of Jt^ns 169S, arrived at Moflcn i 
To that I W3S abfeiit eight Years ten Months and tawMn iS 
Days r In all which Time^ tho* I underwent extream Diffi^ 
cullies i yet I (aw much of the Goodncfs of GOD. 


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At^- . «: M«f tiu( nAJft MMMlaj »d beocficeot Bii m o, Jkc^dC 
(T »: of thbpabOcfcrTliAiniofiyof it, and bleli.iny Bkj^^- 

the infiAM^ilMill of JJE^VS CHAIST 1, oV v' > : . , 

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Containing Minutes of the Employ- 
ments, Publick Stations &c, of 
"i^fobn Gyles, Efq^ Commander of the 
'^' Garrifon on Jf, Georges RhtK 

J ! ft ! 

J -Vt 

|Fter my rciam ootof CiptivUy JtiMi 28/6.16981 1 apf^tlvd 
ray felf to the Governmeat for their Ftvouf — . Sao[i 
after I wii employed by old Father Mtuhd of Msldiw^^ 
to go hii Interpreter on Trading Accoant to Si, Jpb^i 

Oil&hr 14. 1698, I wai employed by the Government | Lieut. 
Governour Stouohtok Commander in Chief^ to go Iticerpreter, at 
f^r« P0und$ per Month, with Mijor Onvtrfe^ and old Ctpt. Aidn$^ 
to Pimbfiet to fecchCaptivei —at our return to£«^jf#ji I was difmUi^d* 
But wlthla a (f^J^^V* ^^^ Oovernour feat for me to Interpret • 
Conference wxiWEommazan and other Indians then In Goal. 

Somctiincafier I wai again put in Pay in order to go Interpreter 
with Coi^J^tttipi and Capt. Sautb4€k\n the FroYlnce Galley to Ca/l^ 
Say^ to Exchange faid Indians forEnglifhCiptivei. D^ambtr 1698^ 
we return'd to Bojlon with fevcrat Englifh Captives, and 1 wat flil- 
mifsM the Sefvice, and deOred to attend ic In the Spring* I plead* 
ed to be kept in Pay that 1 might have wherewith to fupport me at 
School-*- I went into the Country to Kowkj (where Boarding wai 
cheap) to pra&ice what little I had attainM at School 

Match 1699. With the little of my Wages that I coutd referve, I 
paid for my Schooling & Board, and attended the Service upon Ke« 
queft ; and waa again put into Pay, and went with Col Pbilltps and 
Major Cmviffi in a large Brigantine upiCrife^rcJtKivtr^forCapctves : 
and at our return to B^ftni^ the Province Galley being arrived from 
NiwT^rk with my Lord Bellemoht, and the Province Truck put on 
board, I was ordered on board the Galley ; we Crtilftd the Eafiern 
Shore : And tn N^virnhn 1699, ^ ^^^ P^^ ^^^ ^f Pay,tho^ I pleaded 
to be continued under Fay feeing I mull attend the Service in tho 
Springiand be at confldcrableExpence in theWInter for my Schooling, 

M In 

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A P P B U D i X 

In the Spring 1 7003 I attended the Service & was pot inloPiy*— . 
«7'*' of /^«^«j?-.-Ofder$ from the Govcriimcat to bttiW a Foft ic 
C^'^ fitf;^ which was fiiiUhed O^pbtr 61 A, and the Province^Tiuck 
landed and 1 ordered to refidc, 4s Interpreter^wich a Captain See. in 
faid Garrifon. Not lofig after Govefn&iir Duplet fcot me 4 Lieo-'i 
teaontt Commlflfion with Memorandum on the b^ck*^*' No furthr Pa f 
Hi as' hterprtur at Three Founds per Mifntk ^f']Aj\\l 

^^fi iQtb. tfoj. Tbe French and Indians befieged otir^Fdrt fix 
Dayi, Major Marcb Commindtt : On the i6tb. Day of the fame, 
Capt Smtback arrived Jn the Province Galley, and the Kight fol* 
lowing the Enemy withdrew. 

Maf i^th, 1704. I received a few Lines from Hit Excellency di- 
refting me to leave my Foft and accompany Col. Cburcb on an Ex- 
pedition round the Bay of FunJa. Septimbir following I returned 
ID my Pod without any further Wagei or Encouragement for thai 
Service than the before mentioned Pay at the Garrilon. 

j4pril 1706, There was a Change of thcChief Officer at our Gar* 
iiroo**1 chofe to be difmiri'd with my oldOfficer-^— which was granted. 

1706, Hii Encellcncy Governour Dudlet prefenred me a Cap« 
tain's Commtfiioo, and order'd ColSaU^nfiall to detach fifty effcdivp. 
Men, to be delivered to me in order for a March— -*• V" * 

May 1707 I encred on an Expedition to Pfri'B^yal^ Col. Marcs 
Commander in Chief,- »at return difmirs^d. 

JMkjp tz$k. 1708. 1 receiv^dOrden from Hit Excellency to go to 
P^rS'K^yal with a FUg of Truce to exchange PrifonerS|and brought 
ofTali— <at r«tttrn dirmilVd. 

lf)o9« . I receiv'd a Commifllon, aad Coh Myii had Orders to de- 
tach forty Men and deliver to me, in order to join the Forces for 
Canada, At i/w//, yiugufi 1/, 1709, I received Orders from HlsEx* 
cellency to leave my Company with my Lieutenant, and go to P^rl- 
K$yal with a Flag of Truce to Exchange Prifoners, 
k A Copy of which Defire or Order is as follows, viz, 

** T Deflre you to Embarque on the Sloop Hannah and Rutb^ Tb9- 
JL ** wtfi /Frf/rr5, Mafter, aFlagof TruceforPtfr/-R^ytf/,tQ whom 
^* when you are on board, you will give Orders to Sail to Pprt^K^yai 
*^ accordingly. 

*^ At your Arrival there attend Mr* Sapirca/i the Governour, and 
•* give him my Letter, withal acquainting him you havcNincFrench 
'* Fiifoneri on Board, which are all that are in my Hands without 
** refer ve» Receive his Dircftion for the Lunding of 'cm ; And let 

" him 


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.** him know that I cxpc^ he do mc a nfcc Jufticc fti (it t ting yott 
*^ have all the Bnglifii FrifoDerj within hit Fewer, which yoti^aie to 
*^ demand and infill on agreably cohisowopromUle Uliye^rbyyour 
«* ftlfr Demand to have them forthwith gathered togciher/hac you 
'* may fee and fpeak with them^ lod have them delivered tajf^oU} 
*^ that you be not delayed. .►u^W- "" 

** Obfcrvc to him my juft ReCeotmenC of his breach upon me^ In 
*' not fending them early tbij Spring, according to hii parole of 
** Honour the laft Tear by your fclfi when I returned him upwards 
*' of Forty, and had made Provifion for the brioging home of mine : 
** His detention of them then, puti me to a repeated Charge* 

^^ I exped he Aipply what may be further neceflary for the SofH 
^^ port of the Prtfoners In their Return^ at I have dooe for hit now, ^ 
" and at all times paft. . . ; . . . ; .i^^ 

^^ Let not your day there hi more than ^xJH^t, if polEUey't«d 
** haften back with all imaginabte E»pdditioo. ' \ 

^* Be not by any means diverted from yourdeiiiaodiiAdespeA«« 

^^ tioo of feeing the Engliih Prifonera, and that yoobriitgttitnfitb 

^^ you ; unlefs on your (peaking with them they are not williil| to 

'^ come, but make their EleAion td be Tranfported elftwhcc^r^ » 

" vou have feen done by your Govemoiir here. ' * • i^ 

^ I have ordered the Matter to attend your Orders. ^ He will 

fliew you his Inftrudions, and I defire yoo will iee they be Arid^ 

Iv obierved, particularly in the Aiticle referring to-Trade^' end 

the Government of hisCompany. I wilh you a pfefpeiMa Voyage. 

" And am. Sir, > 

'* Tour Friend and Servant^ 

y.DUDLSr. ^ 
*^ Make particular Inquiry after 
*^ Capt. MyleSj and demand 
^^ his and Company's Releafe. 

" 7i Capt. John Gyles, Commlffion'd 
" to Port- Royal. 

Accordingly arriving at Port-Rojal^l was again kindly entertained 
by Governour Superca/s^ & brought off above an Hundred Prifoners : 
foon after my return our Forces were dlfmifs*d,and 1 receiv*d no fur- 
ther conGderation for myService than Pay asCaptain of myCompany. 

Augufi 17 15. I^was defired and had great Promifes made me by 
the Proprietors, and received Orders from His Excellency, to build 
a Fort at Pejipfcot. Soon after our Arrival there, the Indians came 




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N D I X, 


\ in the Nighty iod forbid our laying one Scone upon tnothtr. I told 
them 1 came with Orders from Govcrnour Dudlet to baild a Fort, 
m%d if chcy diflik'd it they might aquaint him ot it : and thai if thejr 
cartie forceably upon Ui they or I fliouldfallon theSpot ; After fuch 
like hot Words they left us^ and wc went on with our Building, and 
finiflitd tt tiwimbif z^tb, 1715, and our Carpenters Sc Maroos left 
' ut. My VVagei were very fmall, yet the Gentlemea-Propriefors or- 
dered me only Fivi Pcundi for my good Service file. 

Jii!j iztb. 1722* A number of Indians engaged F#r/ G§ori§ about 
two Houjs^ kitl'd one Perfon, and then drew oCto killing Cattle be. 

Affil 1725^ I received Orders from His Honour Lieut. Gover- 
nourDuMMFR to go ten Daya March up Amimfc&nin River i and in 
mj Ablence the Indians ktlfd two Men at our Fort ;-*• 1 received 
00 further Pay for fa id Service,-'Only the Pay of the Garrifon. 

Di€€mhir iztb. 1725. I was difmifsM from F^r^ Georgia andCapr. 
tya0dfid0 received a Commiflion for the Command of that Place. 

DiCimhif vitb. 17*5. 1 was CommifllonM for the Garrifon on 
&. Qmri^h Kivir. 

SepUmb^r 1726, I was detained Tome Months from my Poll, by 
order of His Honour Lieut Cover nourDuwMERjCommander in Chief, 
to Jnterpict for the Cape^SabU Indians^who were brought in & found 
Guilty ofPiracy, there notbeingany other in the Province that had 
their Language ; for which His Honour and the honourable Council 
prefcntcd me Jrw Pounds j which I gratefully received. 

N^viptbtr 28- 1728. I was Commiflioned for the Peace. 

I have had the Honour to ferve this Province under eight Com- 
mandert in Chicf^Governours and Lieut. Governours, from theYear 
t^ifi^Si to the Year 1736. And how much longer my Service may 
continue--*! fubmit to the Govcrnour of the World, who over-rules 
every Circumftancc of Life which relates to our Happinefs 6c Ufe- 
folocfs, as in infinite VVifdom He (ct% meet. 

Be calm, my DcHus, and Serene, ♦ , •• 

, However Forti^nc charif^e the Scene f 

« In tby mell dejccL-fl 5 rare, ^ 

Sink noc mTdcnie^ith die VVe'ght ; 
Kor yet when Happy Djys begin, 
And the full Tide comci row ting in, 

Let not a fierce gnrulv Joy ^ * 

The fettled C^Mitt of thy Alind dellroy : 
Hm^tvef Fertitne ^haxrgf fie Scifttj 
£f taim^ r^jf DtliAs^ arid Sereui. HorjfC 

ERR AT'UAf'. Page J lin^: 4 from fh^ boffom, founded h. p. 14. \.i6.r. ai I. 

r. 15. 1 ;^ r. mimiriud. p. ij 1^6. r another ct^^ p. ^4. 1. 16. tor U r^fr&m^ p* 39. 
15. r,aiHl. Iiiior iitkj,%oi^lilSot i^tr z%tk.li6. (or jfii. M81W37 for 17* ra(^. 

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the last date stamped below. If another user 
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